Underground pipe cracks classification using image analysis and neuro-fuzzy algorithm

TitleUnderground pipe cracks classification using image analysis and neuro-fuzzy algorithm
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsSinha, S. K., F. Karray, and P. Fieguth
Conference NameIEEE Symposium on Intelligent Control
Keywordsasset managers, automatic inspection systems, automatic optical inspection, backpropagation, civil engineering, eigenvalues and eigenfunctions, Feature Extraction, fuzzy neural nets, homogenous background, Hough transforms, image analysis, image classification, Mathematical morphology, modified error backpropagation algorithm, neuro-fuzzy algorithm, statistical analysis, surface defects, trapezoidal fuzzy membership function, underground pipe cracks classification

Pipeline surface defects such as cracks cause major problems for asset managers, particularly when the pipe is buried under the ground. The manual inspection of surface defects in the underground pipes has a number of drawbacks, including subjectivity, varying standards, and high costs. Automatic inspection systems using image processing and artificial intelligence techniques can overcome many of these disadvantages and offer asset managers an opportunity to significantly improve quality and reduce costs. A recognition and classification method for pipe cracks using image analysis and a neuro-fuzzy algorithm is proposed. In the pre-processing step, the cracks in the pipe are extracted from the homogenous background. Then, based on prior knowledge of cracks, five normalised features are extracted. In the classification step, a neuro-fuzzy algorithm is proposed that employs a trapezoidal fuzzy membership function and modified error backpropagation algorithm