Profs Present: Co-operation or Compulsion? Ontario's Immunization of School Pupils Act, 1977-2021

Wednesday, October 20, 2021 12:10 pm - 1:00 pm EDT (GMT -04:00)

Heather MacDougall Webinar Graphic


As Ontario battles COIVD-19, local health units are faced with vaccine hesitancy and the challenge of immunizing children aged 5-11 now that Pfizer BionTech's vaccine is seeking federal approval. Studying the history of Ontario's Immunization of School Pupils Act from 1977 to the present using the MMR vaccine as a catalyst for explaining the expected and unexpected consequences of mandatory requirements, reveals the longstanding preference for co-operation rather than compulsion which has dominated public health policy in this province. 

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Heather MacDougall

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Publication 1 | Publication 2

Heather MacDougall is an Associate Professor Emeritus from the University of Waterloo History Department. She has published a history of Toronto's Health Department, an online history of Medicare for the Canadian Museum of Civilization and articles on cholera, smallpox, sexually transmitted diseases, and SARS. Her most recent co-authored publication is Beyond the COVID-19 Crisis: Building on Lost Opportunities in Public Health, a policy brief for the Royal Society of Canada.