Multilevel Governance and Climate Change Adaptation Policy in Canada - Daniel Henstra (SSHRC)
Managing the risks associated with climate change demands adaptation policies—strategic courses of action adopted by governments to reduce the vulnerability of populations, assets and operations, and to strengthen their resilience to climate-related stress. An obstacle to this policy development, however, is the fragmentation of pertinent knowledge, authority and resources among numerous public agencies, multiple levels of government, and a wide range of non-governmental organizations.
This research addresses the question: how does multilevel governance influence the content and quality of adaptation policy and the effectiveness of the policy process? It analyzes the ways in which adaptation policies and policy-making are affected by the relationships between federal, provincial and municipal officials and by the patterns of interaction between state and societal actors.
Globalizing the History of Classical International Political Economy Thought - Eric Helleiner (SSHRC)
Contemporary thinking about the politics of the world economy builds on deep foundations laid by political economists in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries
Teachers and scholars in the field of international political economy (IPE) today usually focus on the importance of the ideas of "classical" political economists from Europe and North America. But what about the contributions made by thinkers from other regions of the world in the pre-1945 period?
This research project addresses this question with the goal of rewriting the history of the classical foundations of IPE from a much more global perspective. It explores the distinctive traditions of classical IPE thought that emerged in different parts of the world as well as the transnational flows of ideas about IPE issues across the globe in the pre-1945 period. By globalizing the history of classical IPE thought in these ways, the project aims to contribute to the building of more of a "global conversation" within the field of IPE today.
The "Thickening" of Regional Institutions in the Americas, Asia-Pacific and the Middle East: A Comparative Analysis - Andrew Cooper (SSHRC)
This project will analyze regionalism in three key understudied regions the Americas, Asia-Pacific, and the Middle East, in order to evaluate whether the institutional expansion of regional organizations promotes increased cooperation across regions (as the European Union example suggests) or exacerbates conflict through greater fragmentation of regional relations.
States embroiled in current regional disputes, whether the nature and projection of these contests is associated with rival ideologies (the Americas), territorial claims (Asia-Pacific), or religious identities (the Middle East), or indeed a larger list of factors, are increasingly searching for regional solutions to address these complex situations.
IMF and World Bank Collaboration on Financial Sector Assessment Program: Intersection of Organizational Culture and Potential Impact on Policy Outcomes - Bessma Momani (SSHRC)
This project seeks to better understand International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank staff collaboration in the formulation of prescribed policies within one vital program: the Financial Sector Assessment Program to determine how the intersection of their respective organizational cultures can and does affect these prescribed policies.
Specifically, the project’s objectives are:
To conduct the first academic study that uses an organizational cultural lens to examine why, when, how, and where two international organizations intersect to devise key policies;
To use a triangulated research design of document analysis, in-depth personal interviews, and process-tracing to study the intersection of international organization (IO) policies using an organizational cultural approach; and
To build on theoretical arguments about organizational culture in IO literature and its impact on policy outcomes found in sociology, international relations, international political economy, and constructivist approaches.
Canada, Quebec and Globalization - William Coleman (SSHRC)
To what degree have globalizing processes changed Canada and changed Québec's relations with Canada?
How have these same processes intersected with collective autonomies: the Canadian state and society, Québec's state and society, and the range of individual identities and autonomies of persons living in Canada, including Québec?
Finally, what are the implications of these intersections on political and social movements supporting an independent Québec?
Globalizing processes have increased the possibilities for Québec society to construct a collective identity that is more distinct from collective identities in other parts of Canada. At the same time, the changing roles of nation-states arising from contemporary globalizing processes may paradoxically lower the importance of having a sovereign Québec in pursuit of redefining collective identities.
The Role and Policy Impact of Officers of Parliament - Emmett Macfarlane (SSHRC)
Officers of Parliament are independent actors who provide technical expertise and scrutiny over a variety of key issues, including auditing government accounts (the auditor general) or protecting key values like privacy (the privacy commissioner). Independent from control by the government of the day, these officers are meant to operate within a mandate defined by statute and report directly to Parliament. Their expertise and advice is said to be an important aid to parliamentarians in holding the government to account.
Despite their importance, there has been no comprehensive study of federal officers of Parliament in Canada. This project seeks to fill this lacuna with a focus on the following two research questions: What is the nature and extent of the policy-making power of officers of Parliament? How have officers of Parliament affected Parliament’s role in holding government to account?
These questions are fundamentally important to understanding the state of democratic accountability, the functioning of Parliament, and the relationship between the government, the legislature and these independent actors in the shaping of public policy.
Living in “transnational spaces”: Gendered vulnerability to HIV of Chinese immigrants in a transitional context and the implications for future interventions - William Coleman (CIHR)
Professor Coleman is investigating the following topics in the project:
The relationships between government agencies and other stakeholders such as HIV/AIDS related non-government organizations, civil society and community organizations when it comes to HIV/AIDS-related policy;
Coordination between federal, provincial and city public health officials and policy makers for issues related to HIV/AIDS;
Public agency engagement in policy discussions with international bodies such as UNAIDS, WHO, or WTO;
The extent to which internationalization of policy has changed or has the potential to change how domestic policy is formulated & implemented