Please Note: This seminar will be given online.
Statistics & Biostatistics seminar series
North Carolina State University (NCSU)
Link to join seminar: Hosted on Zoom
Continuous-time causal models with irregularly spaced longitudinal observations
Structural Nested Models (SNMs) are useful for causal inference of treatment effects in longitudinal observational studies. Most existing works assume that the data are collected at pre-fixed time points for all subjects, which, however, may be restrictive in practice. To deal with irregularly spaced observations, we assume a class of continuous-time SNMs and a martingale condition of no unmeasured confounding (NUC) to identify the causal parameters. We develop the semiparametric efficiency theory and locally efficient estimators for continuous-time SNMs. The new framework allows us to conduct causal analysis respecting the underlying continuous-time nature of data processes. The simulation study shows that the proposed estimator outperforms existing approaches. We estimate the effect of time to initiate highly active antiretroviral therapy on the CD4 count at year 2 from the observational Acute Infection and Early Disease Research Program database.