Dept of Earth & Environmental Sciences
Centre for Environmental and Information Technology (EIT)
200 University Ave. W
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1
Phone: (519) 888-4567
Brian Kendall uses isotopes (both metal stable isotopes and radiogenic isotopes) to study a wide variety of geochemical processes, including the evolution of Earth's atmosphere and oceans and the formation of and exploration for petroleum and ore deposits.
He leads a $1.5 million initiative to establish a cutting-edge mass spectrometry facility and strong research program in solid Earth geochemistry and environmental biogeochemistry at Waterloo.
Professor Kendall uses geochemistry to
- develop innovative geochemical methods that can serve as process tracers for petroleum systems, ore mineralization, and biogeochemical cycles;
- learn more about how mineral and petroleum deposits form and improve exploration strategies for these important resources;
- reconstruct the history of atmosphere and ocean oxygenation through time and its relationship to biological evolution, seawater chemistry and natural resource deposits.
Specific research themes include
- metal isotope geochemistry of petroleum and implications for oil-oil and oil-source rock correlations;
- inorganic geochemistry (trace element concentrations and metal isotope compositions) of conventional and unconventional petroleum source rocks and economic and environmental implications for energy development;
- metal isotope geochemistry and geochronology of ore deposits and implications for ore formation and exploration;
- the co-evolution of Earth's surface oxygenation, metal biogeochemical cycles, and biological evolution over time, as inferred from trace element concentrations and the Mo, U, and Os isotope compositions of sedimentary rocks;
- sedimentary geochronology using the Re-Os isotope system.
- Kendall B., Dahl T.W., Anbar A.D., in press. Good golly, why moly? The stable isotope geochemistry of molybdenum. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: Non-traditional stable isotopes. Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical society.
- Kendall B., Creaser, R.A., Reinhard, C.T., Lyons, T.W., Anbar, A.D., 2015. Transient episodes of mild environmental oxygenation and oxidative continental weathering during the late Archean. Science Advances 1, e1500777.
- Kendall B., Komiya T., Lyons T.W., Bates S.M., Gordon G.W., Romaniello S.J., Jiang G., Creaser R.A., Xiao S., McFadden K., Sawaki Y., Tahata M., Shu D., Han J., Li Y., Chu X., Anbar A.D., 2015. Uranium and molybdenum isotope evidence for an episode of widespread ocean oxygenation during the late Ediacaran Period. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 156, 173-193.
- Kendall B., 2014. An osmium-based method for assessing the source of dissolved rhenium and molybdenum to Archean seawater. Chemical Geology 385, 92-103.
- Kendall B., Brennecka G.A., Weyer S., Anbar A.D., 2013. Uranium isotope fractionation suggests oxidative uranium mobilization at 2.50 Ga. Chemical Geology 362, 105-114.
- Scott C., Planavsky N.J., Dupont C.L., Kendall B., Gill B.C., Robbins L.J., Husband K.F., Arnold G.L., Wing B.A., Poulton S.W., Bekker A., Anbar A.D., Konhauser K.O., Lyons T.W., 2013. Bioavailability of zinc in marine systems through time. Nature Geoscience 6, 125-128.
- Sahoo S.K., Planavsky N.J., Kendall B., Wang X., Shi X., Scott C., Anbar A.D., Lyons T.W., Jiang G., 2012. Ocean oxygenation in the wake of the Marinoan glaciation. Nature 489, 546-549.
- Kendall B., Reinhard C.T., Lyons T.W., Kaufman A.J., Poulton S.W., Anbar A.D., 2010. Pervasive oxygenation along late Archaean ocean margins. Nature Geoscience 3, 647-652.
- Anbar A.D., Duan Y., Lyons T.W., Arnold G.L., Kendall B., Creaser R.A., Kaufman A.J., Gordon G.W., Scott C., Garvin J., Buick R., 2007. A whiff of oxygen before the Great Oxidation Event? Science 317, 1903-1906.
Awards and Distinctions
2016 Jane Lang Excellence in Earth and Environmental Sciences Teaching Award
2016 Ontario MRI Early Researcher Award
2014 University of Waterloo Faculty of Science Outstanding Performance Award
2008-2009 Agouron Institute Geobiology Postdoctoral Fellowship
- 2004-2007 Alberta Ingenuity Ph.D. Studentship, 2004-2007
2003-2005 NSERC Canada Graduate Scholarship - Doctoral
Geological Association of Canada
Geological Society of America
American Geophysical Union
The following news stories have featured Professor Kendall's research:
2008 PhD Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Canada
2003 MSc Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Canada
2000 BSc Geology (Honors), University of Alberta, Canada