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Master's Thesis - Helen PercivalExport this event to calendar

Thursday, August 3, 2017 — 11:00 AM EDT

Helen PercivalHelen Percival of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering is presenting her thesis:

Characterization of Lambda Systems Using Superconducting Qubits

Helen is supervised by IQC faculty member Christopher Wilson.

Abstract

Lambda systems, with a metastable state in addition to the ground state, naturally occur in many atomic systems. Atomic lambda systems offer many potential applications in quantum information processing including single photon transistors and quantum memories. In superconducting qubits, ladder type systems are most common, useful lambda systems, however, have remained elusive. An effective lambda system was created, formed from the Jaynes-Cummings dressed states of a superconducting qubit-cavity system. Using two-photon driving, the system can be controlled as a conventional lambda system. The performance of the device is characterized to determine the suitability of it for various applications, including the single photon regime.

In this experiment, a 3D transmon was placed in a superconducting aluminum cavity with a decay rate ?=0.25MHz. Qubit characterization demonstrate that the transmon has T1=16µs and T2=35µs. From this, the decay rate of the qubit was calculated to be G=62.5Hz, indicating the system has the ratio of decay rates, ?/G~10, which is necessary to form an effective lambda system. Using the two drives, it was shown that the detuning of the two-photon driving is linear. Holding one of these drives constant in frequency and drive power, it was demonstrated that the detuned frequency of the second drive changes quadratically with its drive amplitude. Suitability of the system to the single photon regime was investigated by using the two detuned drives: a strong, continuous wave drive, and a weaker, pulsed drive. Decreasing the pulsed drive amplitude, it was shown that the metastable state can be populated a pulse of only 3700 photons, suggesting with better signal isolation, and quantum-noise-limited signal amplification, the single photon regime may be achieved.

Location 
EIT - Centre for Environmental and Information Technology
3151
200 University Avenue West

Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1
Canada

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