Formatting your thesis

General guidelines

Though doctoral dissertations and master's theses can take different forms depending on the department, all graduate thesis submissions at the University of Waterloo must be structured according to the university's standards. We strongly suggest not copying from other students' submissions, instead using one of the approved templates produced by IST. We offer support for thesis formatting challenges via email and in person, and offer a workshop about thesis formatting in Microsoft Word.

Theses are submitted to UWSpace as PDF files. PDFs should be PDF/UA or PDF/A compliant in accordance with the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act 2020. Following these instructions closely will facilitate the approval of your thesis by Graduate Studies and Postdoctoral Affairs for inclusion in UWSpace.

Ensuring the best image quality

When exporting photographs, scanning images from print, or saving images where highlights and shading are present, save your image files as TIFF files, preferably at a resolution of at least 300 dpi. When saving graphics with areas of discrete colour and linework, save your images as PNGs. If these formats are unavailable, JPEGs are acceptable.

Next: Submitting your thesis