Organizing your thesis

Page numbering

  • All pages must have visible page numbers, centered at the bottom of the page.
  • Do not include page numbers on blank pages but ensure that the page is accounted for in the overall numbering of pages.

Front matter

  • All pages prior to the beginning of the thesis itself will be numbered in lowercase Roman numerals.
  • Do not number the front page. This is technically page 1 (i in lowercase Roman numerals). Page numbers, beginning with ii, should be visible on the second page.

Main body of text

  • For the rest of the thesis document (main text and back matter), use Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3...) centered at the bottom of the page.
  • All pages should be numbered continuously starting from the first page of this section through the end of the document. Begin with the Arabic numeral 1.
  • Each section or chapter should begin on a new page. Do not reset your page numbering to 1 at the beginning of a new chapter.

Ordering of contents

Please consult the example table of contents for theses and dissertations.

Citations and referencing

Using in-text citations, footnotes, or endnotes is your choice, as long as you are consistent in your citation style, and there is only one References section for the entire thesis.

Next: Formatting your thesis