Geometry & Topology Seminar

Thursday, April 25, 2019 3:00 pm - 3:00 pm EDT (GMT -04:00)

**Rescheduled from April 19. Note new day/time/room**

Shubham Dwivedi, Department of Pure Mathematics, University of Waterloo

"A gradient flow of isometric $G_2$ structures"

We will talk about a flow of isometric $G_2$ structures. We consider the negative gradient flow of the energy functional restricted to the class of $G_2$ structures inducing a given Riemannian metric. We will discuss various analytic aspects of the flow including global and local derivative estimates, a compactness theorem and a local monotonicity formula for the solutions. We also study the evolution equation of the torsion and show that under a modification of the gauge and of the relevant connection, it satisfies a nice reaction-diffusion equation. After defining an entropy functional we will prove that low entropy initial data lead to solutions that exist for all time and converge smoothly to a $G_2$ structure with divergence free torsion. We will also discuss finite time singularities and show that at the singular time the flow converges to a smooth $G_2$ structure outside a closed set of finite 5- dimensional Hausdorff measure. Finally, we will prove that if the singularity is Type I then a sequence of blow-ups of a solution has a subsequence which converges to a shrinking soliton of the flow. This is a joint work with Panagiotis Gianniotis (University of Athens) and Spiro Karigiannis (University of Waterloo).

MC 5417