Ahmed Mahmoud Mohamed
Adaptive Power Amplifiers for Modern Communication Systems with Diverse Operational Requirements
In this thesis, novel designs for adaptive power amplifiers, capable of maintaining excellent performance at dissimilar signal parameters, are presented. These designs result in electronically reconfigurable, single-ended and Doherty power amplifiers (DPA) that efficiently sustain functionality at different driving signal levels, highly varying time domain characteristics and wide-spread frequency bands. The foregoing three contexts represent those dictated by the diverse standards of modern communication systems.
Firstly, two prototypes for a harmonically-tuned reconfigurable matching network using discrete radio frequency (RF) microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) switches and semiconductor varactors will be introduced. Following that is an explanation of how the varactor-based matching network was used to develop a high performance reconfigurable Class F-1 power amplifier.
Afterwards, a systematic design procedure for realizing an electronically reconfigurable DPA capable of operating at arbitrary centre frequencies, average power levels and back-off efficiency enhancement power ranges is presented. Complete sets of closed-form equations are outlined which were used to build tunable matching networks that compensate for the deviation of the Doherty distributed elements under the desired deployment scenarios. Off-the-shelf RF MEMS switches are used to realize the reconfigurability of the adaptive Doherty amplifiers.
Finally, based on the derived closed-form equations, a tri-band, monolithically integrated DPA was realized using the Canadian Photonics Fabrication Centre (CPFC(r)) GaN500 monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) process. Successful integration of high power, high performance RF MEMS switches within the MMIC process paved the way for the realization of the frequency-agile, integrated version of the adaptive Doherty amplifier.