Corn Processing Wastewater Treatment

Anna Shen, Adam Vogt, Winnie Huynh, Whitney Wong and Cheryl Pearce
Case revision date: 
5 pages (Case Study)

The corn chip manufacturing process, outlined below, involves two major stages: the preparation of dough (masa) from raw corn kernels and subsequent manufacture of tortilla chips from the prepared masa. Water is used in the masa preparation process for cooking, soaking and washing, producing a large volume of wastewater per unit of tortilla chips.. The wastewater stream, called nejayote, contains dissolved and suspended solids that incur high sewer surcharges.  The potential benefits from removing components of the solid waste in-house, prior to sending the stream to the municipal wastewater treatment facility, are threefold: (i) reduced waste offers the potential to avoid expensive surcharges, (ii) should the collected solid components prove valuable, the company may develop an additional revenue stream, and (iii) reduced freshwater usage reduces environmental impacts.

Anna Shen, Adam Vogt, Winnie Huynh and Whitney Wong, a team of 4th year Chemical Engineering students at the University of Waterloo, were asked by a local company to propose waste-redirection alternatives for its tortilla chip manufacturing line as part of their 4th year design project, supervised by Professor Christine Moresoli [1].

Corn processing flow diagram

Learning objectives: 

The teaching objective of this case is to illustrate the design process and a variety of chemical engineering unit operations in practice.

Key words: 
Filtration; Drying; Design: Process Flow Diagram; Safety; Hydrolysis; Distillation; Crystallization; Economic Analysis
CEAB attributes: 
Problem Analysis; Investigation; Design
Module 01 – Case Study
Module 02 – Design Alternatives
Module 03 – Centrifugation and Hydrocyclone
Module 04 – Membrane Filtration
Module 05 – Hydrolysis
Module 06 – Cooler and Adsorption
Module 07 – Crystallization
Module 08 – Distillation and Settling Tank
Module 09 – Economic Analysis
Module 10 – Health and Safety Analysis

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