Authors: 
Elizabeth Foran, Nicole Foris, Michael Nixon, Ronauq Sabharwal, Bruce MacVicar and Lyndia Stacey
Case revision date: 
2015-12-31
Length: 
9 pages (case study)
Summary: 

Storm water management is a major aspect of urban planning. With many impervious surfaces in a city, runoff easily travels to nearby creeks and lakes during a storm event. In the 1980s, one method of storm water management was to implement concrete riverbeds in an effort to move water out of residential areas quickly and to prevent erosion. Today, water resource engineers acknowledge that this creates a sediment-rich highway that negatively impacts water quality. In 2009, the City of Kitchener (the City) requested a Schedule B Class Environmental Assessment (EA) to address storm water management concerns for Victoria Park Lake, Kitchener. Stantec Consulting Ltd. was retained by the City to undertake the EA and they focused on the watershed and drainage channels that contribute to the lake. As a result of the EA, the City installed a forebay and armour stones as well as dredged the build-up of sediment in Victoria Park Lake. To protect this investment, the lake’s concrete-lined tributaries were identified as high priority. The City wanted to move towards naturalization of the tributaries, which meant converting them back as close as possible to their original state. This requires natural features like stream meanders and vegetation.

In September 2014, a capstone design team of Environmental Engineering students at the University of Waterloo began to design a naturalized channel for this application. Elizabeth Foran, Nicole Foris, Michael Nixon and Ronauq Sabharwal worked under the supervision of Dr. Bruce MacVicar.

Concrete trapezoidal section of Victoria Park Lake tributaries in Kitchener, ONConcrete trapezoidal section of Victoria Park Lake tributaries in Kitchener, ON

Learning objectives: 

The goal of this case study is to expose students to a real-world, local problem on an open channel. This highlights tributary design from the 1980s and students will be able to analyze the impact of this design on sediment transport, channel flow, vegetation and water quality.

Key words: 
energy conservation, critical depth, open channel flow, HEC-RAS, sediment transport, channel slope, tributary design, naturalization
CEAB attributes: 
Modules: 
Module 01 - Case Study
Module 02 - Teaching Note

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