Bertrand Reulet, University of Sherbrooke
A metallic wire may seem to be the dullest conductor one can think of. With two experiments we will show that it may yet provide surprises ! First we consider how fast its noise, i.e. the variance of current fluctuations it generates, can respond to an ac excitation. We show that by answering this question one can extract the time constants of energy relaxation in the wire. In particular, this allows for the measurement of the electron-phonon interaction time, the diffusion time along the sample, and even the heat capacity of a sample orders of magnitude smaller than what can be studied in conventional experiments. In a second experiment we demonstrate that a wire exhibits non-Gaussian noise, not only at very low temperature where it is phase-coherent, but also in the high temperature regime where it behaves as a mere electric heater. To finish, we will discuss open questions in the quantum regime, like the generation of squeezed- or non-Gaussian states of microwave electromagnetic field at GHz or even THz frequencies. And all these phenomena are linked with the dynamical response of noise !
200 University Avenue West
Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1