Students in the vision science graduate program at uWaterloo's School of Optometry and Vision Science specialize in one of the following areas:
- Healthcare, education and delivery
- Ocular biology and pathophysiology
- Technology and optics
Students will work with one or more faculty supervisors in their chosen area(s).
In addition to this page, several of the faculty and research groups have their own websites: Research and lab groups.
Description of areas of study and faculty
Research in health and bioinformatics, medical education and service delivery, standards of care, service quality and delivery, distance education and innovative continuing education programs, professional communication, epidemiology and clinical research.
The advancement of understanding of the normal and abnormal development, structure and function of the ocular and visual sensory and effector/motor nervous components and the impact of neural senescence.
The advancement of understanding of the eye and adnexa structure, physiology, disease and toxicology using micro and macroscopic imaging and molecular & biological system techniques.
Basic and applied research in the areas of fundamental optics, visual correction, contact lenses and material science, ophthalmic and vision standards (including visual ergonomics), imaging, instrument development, assistive devices and soft metrology.
"¶" indicates an Approved Doctoral Dissertation Advisor (ADDS)
Please feel free to contact faculty directly for more information about their research, or the equipment available in their lab. Note that faculty do not accept a student until a formal application has been made.
Christian, Lisa, BSc (Queen's), OD (Illinois), FCOVD, FAAO
Associate Clinical Professor; Associate Director, Clinical Education
- Healthcare education and communication
- Interprofessional education and collaboration
- Binocular Vision
- Pediatric vision care
¶ Choh, Vivian, BSc (Toronto), MSc (Toronto), PhD (Waterloo)
Associate Professor; Associate Director, Research
- The optics, molecular structure and function of the crystalline lens during accommodation
- Molecular and cellular changes mediating and following refractive error development and retinal ganglion cell death
- Development of neuroprotective strategies following retinal ganglion cell death
¶ Dalton, Kristine, OD (Waterloo), MSc (Waterloo), PhD (Aston University), MCOptom, FAAO, FBCLA
- Clinical aspects of optometric practice, particularly those related to athletic performance and traumatic brain injury, including refractive error correction, binocular vision, vision therapy, performance-enhancement vision training, and multidisciplinary management of patient care.
- Understanding the role of functional aspects of vision performance in relation to sports performance, traumatic brain injury rehabilitation, and Paralympic classification for athletes with vision impairment.
Furtado, Nadine, BSc (McGill), MSc (SUNY), OD (SUNY), FAAO
Associate Clinical Professor; Head, Ocular Disease & Imaging Service
- Public Health - access to care and healthcare system efficiency
- Telehealth - remote delivery of healthcare locally and globally
- Health Informatics – use of AI and machine learning to optimize the diagnosis and management of ocular disease
- Ocular Disease & Ophthalmic Imaging
- Interprofessional Education and Collaboration
¶ Hovis, Jeff K., OD, MSc (Ohio State), PhD (Indiana)
- Binocular color mixing
- Modeling normal and abnormal human color vision
- Testing for color vision deficiencies
- Occupational vision standards.
Hrynchak, Patricia, OD (Waterloo), MScCH(HPTE) (Toronto), FAAO, DipOE
- The scholarship of optometric education
- Public Health
- Healthcare service delivery
¶ Hudson, Christopher, BSc (Hons), PhD (Aston University), MCOptom, PgCUT (University of Ulster), FAAO
- The development of non-invasive psychophysical and objective techniques to improve the clinical monitoring of retinal and systemic disease and the evaluation of new techniques in a clinical setting
- The relationship between early visual function loss and morphological retinal disturbance
- Diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, age-related macular degeneration, primary open-angle glaucoma
- Neurodegenerative disease and the eye; Alzheimer’s disease/mild cognitive impairment, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebrovascular disease, fonto-temporal degeneration, Parkinson’s disease.
- Clinical psychophysics; automated perimetry, colour vision, short-wavelength pathway sensitivity, frequency-of-seeing, signal detection theory, cognitive function
- Ocular imaging techniques; scanning laser, tomography, laser Doppler, retinal oximetry, retinal oxygen delivery, angiography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, retinal morphology, retinal sub-layer segmentation
- Ocular/retinal hemodynamics; blood flow, vascular reactivity, ocular perfusion pressure, blood gas perturbation, autoregulation
¶ Hutchings, Natalie, BSc (Hons), MCOptom, PhD (Aston University)
- Retinal imaging, psychophysical assessment of visual function
- Statistical methods for clinical interpretation of psychophysical data, visual fields, continuing optometric education.
¶ Irving, Elizabeth L., OD, MSc, PhD (all Waterloo)
- Oculomotor development and binocular vision
- Refractive development
- Animal models of myopia
- New methods of visual assessment
- Patient eye care knowledge and education
- Environmental adaptation of the eye and visual system
- Spaceflight associated neuro-ocular syndrome
- Vision and gaze-behaviour in aviation
¶ Jones, Lyndon W., BSc (Hons) (Wales), PhD (Aston University), DSc (Aston University), FCOptom (Wales), DipCLP, DipOrth, FAAO, FIACLE, FBCLA
Professor (Optometry, Biology, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Physics)
Contact lens material development and testing
Impact of material composition on tear film deposition
Impact of care systems on ocular comfort and in vivo wettability
Ocular drug delivery
Ocular response to daily and extended wear of contact lenses
Role of the tear film in contact lens wear
¶ Lakshminarayanan, Vasudevan
Professor (Optometry, Physics, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Systems Design Engineering)
- Classical optics – aberration theory, optical systems, optical fibres, ophthalmic and visual optics, etc.
- image processing algorithms
- AI/deep learning/machine learning for ophthalmic disease diagnosis
- Visual perception - psychophysics, models
- Quantum information and computing
- Mathematical methods in optical science and engineering
- History of Optics
- Science policy
¶ Leat, Susan J., BSc (Manchester), PhD (Cardiff), FAAO, FCOptom,
- Low Vision - the effectiveness and models of Low Vision Rehabilitation; assessment of visual function and development of assessment tools; visual function in post-stroke; glare disability
- Infant and child vision - acuity testing; visual development; visual processing skills and reading; correction of refractive error; HARS syndrome
- Special populations - accommodation; vision assessment
- Aging and Vision - falls and vision; visual attention; falls and vision in hospital populations
¶ McCulloch, Daphne, OD (Waterloo), PhD (Indiana),
- Normal and abnormal visual development
- Visual electrophysiology
¶ Murphy, Paul, BSc (Hons) (Cardiff), MBA (South Wales), PhD (Glasgow Caledonian), FCOptom, FAAO, FBCLA, FEAOO,
- Anterior ocular surface including contact lens wear, tear film physiology, ocular surface temperature, corneal epithelium and corneal sensation
- Instrumentation; development of new clinical and research instruments including evaporimeter, corneal aesthesiometer, ocular surface thermography
- Bibliometrics; use of bibliometrics in research comparisons
- Workforce studies including attitude of optometry students to studying optometry, and expectations/aspirations for future career
¶ Simpson, Trefford, L., Dip.Optom (Tech. Wit., South Africa), MS, PhD (Houston)
Corneal sensitivity related especially to contact lens wear, binocular visual function, especially inhibitory binocular interactions. The psychophysics of parallel visual processing. Psychophysical and electrophysiological clinical visual tests.
¶ Sorbara, Luigina, OD, MSc (Waterloo)
- Contact lens assessment, fitting and aftercare
- Corneal topography-measurement and application
- Contact lens Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) and scleral lens designs and parameters using computers for specialty fitting as keratoconus, irregular corneal surfaces and in extended wear
- Contact lens induced dry eye, GPC and other contact lens-induced corneal complications, diagnosis and management
- Contact lens world wide education: teaching educators how to teach, establishing curricula and setting up school based clinics
¶ Spafford, Marlee, OD, MSc (Waterloo), PhD (Toronto), FAAO
- Healthcare education, communication, socialization and equity
- Service delivery
- Professional gatekeeping
¶ Thompson, Benjamin, BSc (Sussex), PhD (Sussex)
- Human visual cortex development and plasticity
- Binocular vision
- Functional MRI
- Non-invasive brain stimulation
- Ocular imaging and visual rehabilitation