David R. Rose

David R. Rose
Professor Emeritus, Adjunct Faculty
Status: Emeritus

Biography

David Rose carries out research in structural glycobiology with particular interest in enzymes associated with human health and disease. Recent work focuses on enzymes that take part in processing major components of the human diet.

Structural Studies of Glycoside Hydrolases
This major area of research involves enzymes that recognize and act upon carbohydrates, including especially glycosidases involved in the protein glycosylation pathway and the process of starch digestion.​

Intestinal Maltase-Glucoamylase and Sucrase-Isomaltase (MGAM and SI)
MGAM and SI are involved in starch breakdown in mammalian cells. Inhibition of these and other alpha-glucosidases is proposed to be a novel approach to treatment of Type II Diabetes. We have expressed these Family GH31 enzymes in Drosophila cells and studied the activities of a series of specific inhibitors under development as anti-diabetics. We have determined the crystallographic structure of two of the four GH31 domains of these enzymes.

Gut commensal microbial glycoside hydrolases
The human intestine is populated by many bacterial species in a symbiotic partnership. One of the roles for these bacteria is in the digestion of resistant starches that have survived the intestinal MGAM/SI processing, as a source of nutrition for both the host and the bacteria. We are interested in a structural approach to studying the mechanism of recognition of resistant starch structures by the bacterial glycoside hydrolases. Of the gut bacteria with known genomes, Bacteroides thetaiotamicron has the largest number and variety of predicted glycoside hydrolases, suggesting that it plays a key role in salvaging resistant polysaccharides such as starch. We are building on our results on the intestinal enzymes to express and purify family GH31 enzymes from Bacteroides thetaiotamicron with the goal of studying their substrate specificities and, hence, defining their role in nutrition.

Research Interests

  • Bioinformatics, Systematics, and Evolution
  • Molecular Genetics
  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry and Biophysics
  • Bioinformatics, Systematics and Evolution
  • Molecular Genetics

Education

  • 1981 Ph.D. Molecular Biophysics, University of Oxford, England
  • 1977 B.A. Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania, United States

Awards

  • Fellow, American Crystallographic Association

Service

  • Chair, Terry Fox Research Institute New Frontiers Program Project Grant Steering Committee on Research Excellence
  • Steering Committee, Centre for Bioengineering and Biotechnology
  • Steering Committee, Chronic Disease Prevention Initiative
  • CIHR University Delegate

Professional Associations

  • American Crystallographic Association
  • Canadian Society for Medical Biosciences

Affiliations and Volunteer Work

  • Water Institute
  • Waterloo Centre for Microbial Research

Teaching*

  • BIOL 240 - Fundamentals of Microbiology
    • Taught in 2020
  • BIOL 486 - Glycobiology
    • Taught in 2018, 2019

* Only courses taught in the past 5 years are displayed.

Selected/Recent Publications

Patents

  • Campbell RL, Rose DR, Sung WL, Yaguchi M, Wakarchuk WW. 'Construction of Thermostable Mutants of a Low Molecular Mass Xylanase', U.S. Patent 5,405,769 Apr. 11, 1995.
  • Van den Elsen, J, Kuntz DA, Rose DR. ‘Structure of Golgi a-mannosidase II and complexes’, September, 2001.

Graduate studies

  • Not currently accepting applications for graduate students