Canada Research Chair in Spine Biomechanics and Injury Prevention
Director of the Centre of Research Expertise for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders (CRE-MSD)
Cross-Appointed with the Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
Office: BMH 3122
Phone: 519-888-4567, ext. 47080
My research program combines a fundamental in-vitro research approach, examining the time varying response of the lumbar spine tissues, with in-vivo human research, examining biological responses to cumulative loading exposure from both pain generating and tissue altering/injuring perspectives. Work in my laboratories involves developing approaches to assess workplace cumulative loading exposure and injury in conjunction with in-vitro tissue mechanics studies investigating the injury pathways from repetitive loading. Currently, quantifying the influence of modifiers such as repetition and magnitude of exposure to establish the relationship between cumulative loading and low back pain is a major focus in my research. This knowledge will complement existing epidemiological data, linking cumulative loading and low back pain, for setting exposure limits and helping to prevent low back injuries.
Graduate supervision and student opportunities
- Research volunteer
- Undergraduate thesis
- MSc thesis
- PhD thesis
- Postdoctoral fellowship
Please email to discuss current available opportunities
Teaching, expertise, tools and technologies
- Injury Mechanics
- Biomechanical Modelling
Tools / Techniques
- Medical imaging
- Mechanical tissue testing
- Motion analysis
- Kinetic measurement
- Wearable sensor technology
- Occupational ergonomic evaluation
KIN 425: Biomechanical Modelling of Human Movement
BPHE, University of Ottawa
MSc, University of Waterloo
PhD, University of Waterloo
Fellow of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics (FCSB) Awarded 2014
Canadian Certified Professional Ergonomist (CCPE) 2007-present
See Google Scholar for full list of publications
See PubMed for publications
Gooyers, C.E., Callaghan, J.P. Peak stress in the annulus fibrosus under cyclic biaxial tensile loading. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 138(5): 051006, 2016.
Gooyers, C.E., Callaghan, J.P. Exploring interactions between force, repetition and posture on intervertebral disc height loss and bulging in isolated functional spinal units from sub-acute-failure magnitudes of cyclic compressive loading. Journal of Biomechanics 48(13): 3710-3717, 2015.
Biomechanics of sedentary exposure
Callaghan, J.P., De Carvalho, D.E., Gallagher, K.M., Karakolis, T., Nelson-Wong, E. Is standing the solution to sedentary office work?. Ergonomics in Design 23(3): 20-24, 2015.
De Carvalho, D.E. and Callaghan, J.P. Spine posture and discomfort during prolonged simulated driving with self-selected lumbar support prominence. Human Factors 57(6): 976-987, 2015.
Gallagher, K.M., Sehl, M., Callaghan, J.P. A radiographic assessment of lumbar spine posture in four different upright standing positions. Clinical Biomechanics 37: 131-136, 2016.