Duane Cronin is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, and University Research Chair in Impact Mechanics and Material Characterization (IMMC) at the University of Waterloo.
His expertise lies in the areas of impact mechanics, and material characterization applied to trauma biomechanics, auto crash and occupant simulation, pipeline integrity, and multi-material lightweight vehicles.
The development of advanced numerical models and interpretation of physical test data for impact events requires a fundamental understanding of high-deformation rate material properties, followed by implementation using appropriate constitutive equations in numerical codes. Test equipment supporting this research includes a suite of high deformation rate Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar apparatus; and intermediate, rate and standard hydraulic test frames to measure mechanical properties, complemented by high-speed imaging and digital image correlation.
The field of Impact Biomechanics seeks to understand the response of the human body to high-rate loading, the potential for injury or trauma, and methods to mitigate injury. Research areas include characterization and constitutive modelling for biological tissues, finite element implementations, and human body modelling. Detailed human body models represent an evolution in assessing occupant safety in vehicle crash scenarios through Virtual Vehicle Evaluation, and also act as tools for the design of improved vehicle safety. These innovative human models are also used to improve blast protection for the head, thorax and lower extremity, and to develop enhanced ballistic protection to mitigate Behind Armour Blunt Trauma (BABT).
Professor Cronin’s research led him to serving as Vice-President of Research and Development for Strike Face Technologies (2006-2012), serving on 2 NATO task groups and acting as a subject matter expert in the areas of blast and ballistic protection. He currently leads the Neck Model Centre of Expertise for the Global Human Body Models Consortium and is a council member and board member on the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI).
- Impact biomechanics
- Pipeline integrety
- Auto Crash and Occupant Simulation
- Material Characterization
- Biomechanics and Biotechnology
- Trauma Biomechanics
- Human Safety and Protection
- Material Characterization
- 2000, Doctorate, Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo
- 1996, Master's, Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo
- 1994, Bachelor's, Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo
- ME 219 - Mechanics of Deformable Solids 1
- Taught in 2015, 2016, 2017
- ME 720 - Special Topics in Solid Mechanics
- Taught in 2015, 2016, 2019
- Mo, Huangrui and Lien, Fue-Sang and Zhang, Fan and Cronin, Duane S, A sharp interface immersed boundary method for solving flow with arbitrarily irregular and changing geometry, arXiv preprint arXiv:1602.06830, 2016
- Trimiño, Luis F and Cronin, Duane S, Evaluation of Numerical Methods to Model Structural Adhesive Response and Failure in Tension and Shear Loading, Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 2(1), 2016, 122 - 137
- Cronin, DS and Ouellet, S, Low density polyethylene, expanded polystyrene and expanded polypropylene: Strain rate and size effects on mechanical properties, Polymer Testing, 53, 2016, 40 - 50
- Mattucci, Stephen FE and Cronin, Duane S, A method to characterize average cervical spine ligament response based on raw data sets for implementation into injury biomechanics models, Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 41, 2015, 251 - 260
- Salisbury, Christopher and Cronin, Duane and Lien, Fue-Sang, Deformation Mechanics of a Non-Linear Hyper-Viscoelastic Porous Material, Part II: Porous Material Micro-Scale Model, Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 1(3), 2015, 249 - 258