Professor, Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Trauma Biomechanics and Injury Prevention

Contact InformationDuane Cronin

Phone: 519-888-4567 x32682
Location: EC4 1157


Biography Summary

Duane Cronin is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Director of the Impact Mechanics and Material Characterization (IMMC) laboratory at the University of Waterloo, and Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Trauma Biomechanics and Injury Prevention.

Dr. Cronin’s expertise lies in the areas of impact mechanics, material characterization applied to trauma biomechanics, auto crash and occupant simulation, and multi-material lightweight vehicles.

The development of advanced numerical models and interpretation of physical test data for impact events requires a fundamental understanding of high-deformation rate material properties, followed by implementation using appropriate constitutive equations in numerical codes. Test equipment supporting this research includes a suite of high deformation rate Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar apparatus; and intermediate, rate and standard hydraulic test frames to measure mechanical properties, complemented by high-speed imaging and digital image correlation.

The field of Impact Biomechanics seeks to understand the response of the human body to high-rate loading, the potential for injury or trauma, and methods to mitigate injury. Research areas include characterization and constitutive modelling for biological tissues, finite element implementations, and human body modelling. Detailed human body models represent an evolution in assessing occupant safety in vehicle crash scenarios through Virtual Vehicle Evaluation, and also act as tools for the design of improved vehicle safety. These innovative human models are also used to improve blast protection for the head, thorax and lower extremity, and to develop enhanced ballistic protection to mitigate Behind Armour Blunt Trauma (BABT).

Professor Cronin’s research led him to serving on 2 NATO task groups and acting as a subject matter expert in the areas of blast and ballistic protection. He was a is a council member and board member on the International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI) for 10 years, and currently leads the Neck Model Centre of Expertise for the Global Human Body Models Consortium.

Research Interests

  • Impact biomechanics
  • Auto Crash and Occupant Simulation
  • Material Characterization
  • Automotive
  • Biomechanics and Biotechnology
  • Trauma Biomechanics
  • Human Safety and Protection
  • Material Characterization


  • 2000, Doctorate, Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo
  • 1996, Master's, Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo
  • 1994, Bachelor's, Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo


  • ME 219 - Mechanics of Deformable Solids 1
    • Taught in 2017
  • ME 720 - Special Topics in Solid Mechanics
    • Taught in 2019
* Only courses taught in the past 5 years are displayed.

Selected/Recent Publications

  • Corrales, MA and Gierczycka, D and Barker, J and Bruneau, D and Bustamante, MC and Cronin, DS, Validation of a football helmet finite element model and quantification of impact energy distribution, Annals of biomedical engineering, 48(1), 2020, 121 - 132
  • Bruneau, David A and Cronin, Duane S, Head and Neck Response of an Active Human Body Model and Finite Element Anthropometric Test Device During a Linear Impactor Helmet Test, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 142(2), 2020
  • Correia, Matheus A and McLachlin, Stewart D and Cronin, Duane S, Optimization of muscle activation schemes in a finite element neck model simulating volunteer frontal impact scenarios, Journal of Biomechanics, 2020
  • Sathananthan, Prusodman and Sirois, Alexandra and Singh, Dilaver and Cronin, Duane, Sphere on tile ballistic impact experiment to characterize the response of soda lime glass, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 133, 2019
  • Cronin, D and Panzer, MB and Combest, J and Simms, C and Gierczycka, D, Biological Tissue Mathematical Constitutive Models in Human Body Models for Enhanced Human Safety, , 2019
  • Rivers, G and Cronin, D, Influence of moisture and thermal cycling on delamination flaws in transparent armor materials: Thermoplastic polyurethane bonded glass-polycarbonate laminates, Materials & Design, 182, 2019
  • Cherniaev, Aleksandr and Zeng, Yu and Cronin, Duane and Montesano, John, Quasi-static and dynamic characterization of unidirectional non-crimp carbon fiber fabric composites processed by HP-RTM, Polymer Testing, 76, 2019, 365 - 375
  • Bustamante, MC and Cronin, DS, Cavitation threshold evaluation of porcine cerebrospinal fluid using a Polymeric Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar-Confinement chamber apparatus, Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 100, 2019
  • Mo, Huangrui and Lien, Fue-Sang and Zhang, Fan and Cronin, Duane S, A mesoscale study on explosively dispersed granular material using direct simulation, Journal of Applied Physics, 125(21), 2019
  • Singh, D and Boakye-Yiadom, S and Cronin, DS, Comparison of porcine brain mechanical properties to potential tissue simulant materials in quasi-static and sinusoidal compression, Journal of biomechanics, 92, 2019, 84 - 91
  • Bustamante, MC and Bruneau, D and Barker, JB and Gierczycka, D and Coralles, MA and Cronin, DS, Component-level finite element model and validation for a modern American football helmet, Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 5(2), 2019, 117 - 131
  • Singh, Dilaver and Cronin, Duane, Multi-scale modeling of head kinematics and brain tissue response to blast exposure, Annals of biomedical engineering, 47(9), 2019, 1993 - 2004
  • Bruneau, D and Cronin, D, Assessment of Head Kinematics for Bare Head and Helmeted Impacts Comparing an ATD and a Detailed Head and Neck Model with Active Musculature., Journal of biomechanical engineering, 2019
  • Watson, Brock and Nandwani, Yogesh and Worswick, Michael J and Cronin, Duane S, Metallic multi-material adhesive joint testing and modeling for vehicle lightweighting, International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 95, 2019
  • Bustamante, MC and Bruneau, D and Barker, JB and Gierczycka, D and Corrales, MA and Cronin, DS, Correction to: Component-Level Finite Element Model and Validation for a Modern American Football Helmet, Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 5(2), 2019, 195 - 195
  • Bustamante, MC and Singh, D and Cronin, DS, Polymeric Hopkinson bar-confinement chamber apparatus to evaluate fluid cavitation, Experimental Mechanics, 58(1), 2018, 55 - 74
  • Gierczycka, Donata and Cronin, Duane, Influence of the chest compression measurement method on assessment of restraint performance in side-impact crash scenarios, Journal of biomechanics, 75, 2018, 53 - 57
  • Mo, Huangrui and Lien, Fue-Sang and Zhang, Fan and Cronin, Duane S, An immersed boundary method for solving compressible flow with arbitrarily irregular and moving geometry, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 88(5), 2018, 239 - 263
  • Mo, H and Lien, F-S and Zhang, F and Cronin, DS, A numerical framework for the direct simulation of dense particulate flow under explosive dispersal, Shock Waves, 28(3), 2018, 559 - 577
  • Trimiño, Luis F and Cronin, Duane S, Damage measurements in epoxy structural adhesives using microhardness, International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, 82, 2018, 211 - 220
  • Boakye-Yiadom, Solomon and Cronin, Duane S, On the importance of retaining stresses and strains in repositioning computational biomechanical models of the cervical spine, International journal for numerical methods in biomedical engineering, 34(1), 2018
  • Watson, Brock and Liao, Chi-Hsiang and Worswick, Michael J and Cronin, Duane Steven, Mode I traction-separation measured using rigid double cantilever beam applied to structural adhesive, The Journal of Adhesion, 2018, 1 - 21
  • Khor, Fiona and Cronin, Duane S and Watson, Brock and Gierczycka, Donata and Malcolm, Skye, Importance of asymmetry and anisotropy in predicting cortical bone response and fracture using human body model femur in three-point bending and axial rotation, Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 87, 2018, 213 - 229
  • DeWit, Jennifer A and Cronin, Duane S, Cervical spine segment finite element model for traumatic injury prediction, Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 10, 2012, 138 - 150
  • Mattucci, Stephen FE and Moulton, Jeffrey A and Chandrashekar, Naveen and Cronin, Duane S, Strain rate dependent properties of younger human cervical spine ligaments, Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 10, 2012, 216 - 226
  • Fice, Jason B and Cronin, Duane S and Panzer, Matthew B, Cervical spine model to predict capsular ligament response in rear impact, Annals of biomedical engineering, 39(8), 2011, 2152 - 2162
  • Cronin, DS and Falzon, C, Characterization of 10% ballistic gelatin to evaluate temperature, aging and strain rate effects, Experimental mechanics, 51(7), 2011, 1197 - 1206
  • Salisbury, CP and Cronin, DS, Mechanical properties of ballistic gelatin at high deformation rates, Experimental mechanics, 49(6), 2009
  • Panzer, Matthew B and Cronin, Duane S, C4--C5 segment finite element model development, validation, and load-sharing investigation, Journal of biomechanics, 42(4), 2009, 480 - 490
  • Gower, HL and Cronin, DS and Plumtree, A, Ballistic impact response of laminated composite panels, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 35(9), 2008, 1000 - 1008
  • Ouellet, Simon and Cronin, Duane and Worswick, Michael, Compressive response of polymeric foams under quasi-static, medium and high strain rate conditions, Polymer testing, 25(6), 2006, 731 - 743
  • Van Sligtenhorst, Caleb and Cronin, Duane S and Brodland, G Wayne, High strain rate compressive properties of bovine muscle tissue determined using a split Hopkinson bar apparatus, Journal of biomechanics, 39(10), 2006, 1852 - 1858
  • Cronin, Duane S and Pick, Roy J, Prediction of the failure pressure for complex corrosion defects, International journal of pressure vessels and piping, 79(4), 2002, 279 - 287
  • Cronin, Duane S and Bui, Khahn and Kaufmann, Christian and McIntosh, Grant and Berstad, Todd and Cronin, Duane, Implementation and validation of the Johnson-Holmquist ceramic material model in LS-Dyna, Proc. 4th Eur. LS-DYNA Users Conf, 1 2003, 47 - 60
  • Liu, YB and Cronin, D and Worswick, M, Full-Scale Testing and Numerical Modeling of Adhesively Bonded Hot Stamped Ultra-High Strength Steel Hat Sections, Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1, , 112 manuscript pages
  • Bustamante, Michael C and Cronin, Duane S, Assessment of Fluid Cavitation Threshold Using a Polymeric Split Hopkinson Bar-Confinement Chamber Apparatus, Mechanics of Biological Systems & Micro-and Nanomechanics, Volume 4, , 99 manuscript pages
  • Schmitt, Kai-Uwe and Niederer, Peter F and Cronin, Duane S and Morrison III, Barclay and Muser, Markus H and Walz, Felix, Impairment and Injuries Resulting from Chronic Exposure to Unfavourable Mechanical Loads, Trauma Biomechanics, , 245 manuscript pages
  • Cronin, Duane S and Singh, Dilaver and Gierczycka, Donata and Barker, Jeffery and Shen, David, Modeling the Neck for Impact Scenarios, Basic Finite Element Method as Applied to Injury Biomechanics, , 538 manuscript pages
  • Liao, C-H and Watson, B and Worswick, MJ and Cronin, DS, Mode I rigid double cantilever beam test and analysis applied to structural adhesives, Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1, , 81 manuscript pages
  • Bustamante, M and Cronin, DS and Singh, D, Experimental testing and computational analysis of viscoelastic wave propagation in polymeric split hopkinson pressure bar, Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1, , 72 manuscript pages
  • Schmitt K, Niederer PF, Cronin DS, Morrison III B, Muser MH, Walz F. (2020). Trauma-Biomechanik: Einführung in die Biomechanik von Verletzungen. Springer.
  • Schmitt, Kai-Uwe and Niederer, Peter F and Cronin, Duane S and Morrison III, Barclay and Muser, Markus H and Walz, Felix, Trauma biomechanics: an introduction to injury biomechanics,

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