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Information for

Norman Zhou

Professor

Contact InformationNorman Zhou

Phone: 519-888-4567 x36095
Location: E5 3007
Fax: +1 519-888-6197

Website

Biography Summary

Norman Zhou is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, and is also a member of the Waterloo Institute of Technology at the University of Waterloo.

He has held the University Research Chair in Microjoining since 2014, and is also the Director of the Centre for Advanced Materials Joining (CAMJ) at the University of Waterloo. CAMJ aims to develop innovative technologies for materials joining, including micro- and nano-joining. CAMJ collaborates with leading companies in the industry for research and development, and also trains and works with students.

Professor Zhou’s expertise lies in the areas of advanced welding and joining technologies, nanomaterials fabrication in applications such as water treatment, and laser processing of shape memory alloys. His research at the CAMJ has applications in several areas such as microelectronics, medical, and automotive industries. Professor Zhou’s research goal is to develop practical interconnection and assembly technologies of nano-devices.

He has authored and co-authored over 250 refereed journal papers and several books, including “Microjoining and Nanojoining” and “Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices”. Professor Zhou is a fellow of ASM International and the American Welding Society, as well as a co-founder of SmarterAlloys.com.

Research Interests

  • Advanced Materials Joining
  • Microjoining
  • Nanojoining
  • Bonding Mechanisms
  • Joint Performance
  • Materials Science And Technology
  • Mathematical Modeling
  • Automotive
  • Medical Components And Devices
  • Nanotechnology
  • L​ightweight Materials
  • Nano-electronics
  • Nano-materials
  • Drinking Water
  • Process Development & Optimization
  • Metallurgy
  • Computational Modelling
  • Process Monitoring
  • Welding (laser
  • Resistance Welding
  • Etc.) For Automotive Applications
  • Brazing/Soldering

Education

  • 1994, Doctorate, Metcallurgy and Materials Science, University of Toronto
  • 1986, Master's, Mechincal Enginering, Tsinghua University
  • 1983, Bachelor's, Mechnical Engineering, Tsinghua University

Courses

  • ME 535 - Welding Metallurgy
  • ME 735 - Special Topics - Welding and Joining

Selected/Recent Publications

  • Lin, Luchan and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Duley, Walt W and Zhou, Y Norman, Plasmonic engineering of metal-oxide nanowire heterojunctions in integrated nanowire rectification units, Applied Physics Letters, 108(20), 2016
  • Saha, DC and Biro, E and Gerlich, AP and Zhou, YN, Fiber Laser Welding of AlSiCoated PressHardened Steel, Welding Journal, 2016
  • Russo, Paola and Liang, Robert and Jabari, Elahe and Marzbanrad, Ehsan and Toyserkani, Ehsan and Zhou, Y Norman, Single-step synthesis of graphene quantum dots by femtosecond laser ablation of graphene oxide dispersions, Nanoscale, 8(16), 2016, 8863 - 8877
  • Yan, Jianfeng and Zhang, Dongyue and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Bai, Hailin and Wu, Aiping and Zhou, Y Norman, Sintering bonding process with Ag nanoparticle paste and joint properties in high temperature environment, Journal of Nanomaterials, 2016, 2016
  • Rivers, Geoff and Marzbanrad, Ehsan and Hook, Michael David and Lee-Sullivan, Pearl and Zhou, Y Norman and Zhao, Boxin, Highly-stable silver nanobelts joined via diffusion-free attachment, Nanotechnology, 27(29), 2016
  • Shen, Daozhi and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Duley, Walter W and Zhou, Y Norman, Investigation of splashing phenomena during the impact of molten sub-micron gold droplets on solid surfaces, Soft matter, 12(1), 2016, 295 - 301
  • Lin, Luchan and Liu, Lei and Musselman, Kevin and Zou, Guisheng and Duley, Walt W and Zhou, Y Norman, Plasmonic-Radiation-Enhanced Metal Oxide Nanowire Heterojunctions for Controllable Multilevel Memory, Advanced Functional Materials, 2016
  • Lin, Luchan and Liu, Lei and Peng, Peng and Zou, Guisheng and Duley, Walt W and Zhou, Y Norman, In situ nanojoining of Y-and T-shaped silver nanowires structures using femtosecond laser radiation, Nanotechnology, 27(12), 2016
  • Pequegnat, Andrew and Panton, Boyd and Zhou, Y Norman and Khan, M Ibraheem, Local composition and microstructure control for multiple pseudoelastic plateau and hybrid self-biasing shape memory alloys, Materials & Design, 92, 2016, 802 - 813
  • Ighodaro, OL and Biro, E and Zhou, YN, Comparative effects of Al-Si and galvannealed coatings on the properties of resistance spot welded hot stamping steel joints, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 236, 2016, 64 - 72
  • Liu, Lei and Zou, Guisheng and Mori, Hiroaki and Esmaeili, Shahrzad and Zhou, Y Norman, Nanostructure of immiscible Mg--Fe dissimilar weld without interfacial intermetallic transition layer, Materials & Design, 92, 2016, 445 - 449
  • Sun, M and Niknejad, ST and Zhang, G and Lee, MK and Wu, L and Zhou, Y, Microstructure and mechanical properties of resistance spot welded AZ31/AA5754 using a nickel interlayer, Materials & Design, 87, 2015, 905 - 913
  • Nayak, SS and Biro, E and Zhou, Y, Laser welding of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS), Welding and Joining of Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS)(85), 2015
  • Nasiri, AM and Weckman, DC and Zhou, Y, Interfacial Microstructure of Laser Brazed AZ31B Magnesium to SnPlated Steel Sheet, Welding Journal, 2015
  • Amoli, Behnam Meschi and Trinidad, Josh and Hu, Anming and Zhou, Y Norman and Zhao, Boxin, Highly electrically conductive adhesives using silver nanoparticle (Ag NP)-decorated graphene: the effect of NPs sintering on the electrical conductivity improvement, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 26(1), 2015, 590 - 600
  • Jiao, Zhen and Sivayoganathan, Mugunthan and Duley, Walter W and He, Peng and Zhou, Y Norman, Correction to “Formation and Characterization of Femtosecond-Laser-Induced Subcluster Segregated Nanoalloys”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119(2), 2015, 1268 - 1268
  • Peng, Peng and Hu, Anming and Gerlich, Adrian P and Liu, Yangai and Zhou, Y Norman, Self-generated Local Heating Induced Nanojoining for Room Temperature Pressureless Flexible Electronic Packaging, Scientific reports, 5, 2015
  • Michael, Andrew and Zhou, Y Norman and Khan, M Ibraheem, Experimental validation of a one-dimensional model for monolithic shape memory alloys with multiple pseudoelastic plateaus, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2015
  • Nasiri, AM and Zhou, Y, Effect of Zn interlayer on brazeability of AZ31B--Mg alloy to steel sheet, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 20(2), 2015, 155 - 163
  • Pequegnat, A and Michael, A and Wang, J and Lian, K and Zhou, Y and Khan, MI, Surface characterizations of laser modified biomedical grade NiTi shape memory alloys, Materials Science and Engineering: C, 50, 2015, 367 - 378
  • Peng, Peng and Hu, Anming and Gerlich, Adrian P and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Zhou, Y Norman, Joining of silver nanomaterials at low temperatures: processes, properties, and applications, ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7(23), 2015, 12597 - 12618
  • Brenneman, J and Wei, J and Sun, Z and Liu, L and Zou, G and Zhou, Y, Oxidation behavior of GTD111 Ni-based superalloy at 900° C in air, Corrosion Science, 100, 2015, 267 - 274
  • Panda, SK and Zhou, YN, S. Basak, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 137, 2015, 041006 - 1
  • Yan, Jianfeng and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Zhang, Dongyue and Bai, Hailin and Wu, Ai-ping and Zhou, Y Norman, Sintering mechanisms and mechanical properties of joints bonded using silver nanoparticles for electronic packaging applications, Welding in the World, 59(3), 2015, 427 - 432
  • Peng, Peng and He, Peng and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Zhou, Y Norman, Interfacial Nano-Mechanical Properties of Copper Joints Bonded with Silver Nanopaste near Room Temperature, Materials transactions, 2015
  • Pequegnat, Andie and Zhou, Yunhong and others, Evolution of joint formation in resistance microwelding of crossed Pt-10% Ir and 316 LVM stainless steel wires, Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Mater. Sci. Ed., 30(6), 2015, 1286 - 1290
  • Lin, L and Huang, H and Sivayoganathan, M and Liu, L and Zou, G and Duley, WW and Zhou, Y, Assembly of silver nanoparticles on nanowires into ordered nanostructures with femtosecond laser radiation, Applied optics, 54(9), 2015, 2524 - 2531
  • Huang, H and Duley, WW and Zhou, Y, Oxygen assisted interconnection of silver nanoparticles with femtosecond laser radiation, Journal of Applied Physics, 118(22), 2015
  • Basak, S and Panda, SK and Zhou, YN, Formability Assessment of Prestrained Automotive Grade Steel Sheets Using Stress Based and Polar Effective Plastic Strain-Forming Limit Diagram, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 137(4), 2015
  • Biro, Elliot and McDermid, Joseph R and Vignier, Samuel and Zhou, Y Norman, Decoupling of the softening processes during rapid tempering of a martensitic steel, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 615, 2014, 395 - 404
  • Saha, Dulal Chandra and Nayak, Sashank S and Biro, Elliot and Gerlich, Adrian P and Zhou, Y, Mechanism of secondary hardening in rapid tempering of dual-phase steel, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45(13), 2014, 6153 - 6162
  • Panton, Boyd and Pequegnat, Andrew and Zhou, Y Norman, Dissimilar laser joining of NiTi SMA and MP35N wires, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45(8), 2014, 3533 - 3544
  • Li, Wenjuan and Liang, Robert and Hu, Anming and Huang, Zhaohui and Zhou, Y Norman, Generation of oxygen vacancies in visible light activated one-dimensional iodine TiO 2 photocatalysts, RSC Advances, 4(70), 2014, 36959 - 36966
  • Saha, DC and Westerbaan, D and Nayak, SS and Biro, E and Gerlich, AP and Zhou, Y, Microstructure-properties correlation in fiber laser welding of dual-phase and HSLA steels, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 607, 2014, 445 - 453
  • Nasiri, Ali M and Lee, Mok Y and Weckman, David C and Zhou, Y, Effects of Interfacial Lattice Mismatching on Wetting of Ni-Plated Steel by Magnesium, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45(12), 2014, 5749 - 5766
  • Zhong, Hai and Zhan, Hui and Zhou, Yun-Hong, Synthesis of nanosized mesoporous silicon by magnesium-thermal method used as anode material for lithium ion battery, Journal of Power Sources, 262, 2014, 10 - 14
  • Parkes, D and Westerbaan, D and Nayak, SS and Zhou, Y and Goodwin, F and Bhole, S and Chen, DL, Tensile properties of fiber laser welded joints of high strength low alloy and dual-phase steels at warm and low temperatures, Materials & Design, 56, 2014, 193 - 199
  • Qin, H and Song, ZP and Zhan, H and Zhou, YH, Aqueous rechargeable alkali-ion batteries with polyimide anode, Journal of Power Sources, 249, 2014, 367 - 372
  • Zhong, Hai and Wang, Guofeng and Song, Zhiping and Li, Xiang and Tang, Hongding and Zhou, Yunhong and Zhan, Hui, Organometallic polymer material for energy storage, Chemical Communications, 50(51), 2014, 6768 - 6770
  • Han, Zenghui and Yu, Jinpeng and Zhan, Hui and Liu, Xingjiang and Zhou, Yunhong, Sb 2 O 3-modified LiNi 1/3 Co 1/3 Mn 1/3 O 2 material with enhanced thermal safety and electrochemical property, Journal of Power Sources, 254, 2014, 106 - 111
  • Huang, H and Hu, A and Sivayoganathan, M and Duley, WW and Huang, ZH and Zhou, Y, Femtosecond laser fabrication of silver plasmonic structures for application as single particle SERS detectors, Materials Research Express, 1(2), 2014
  • Jiao, Zhen and Sivayoganathan, Mugunthan and Duley, Walter W and He, Peng and Zhou, Y Norman, Formation and Characterization of Femtosecond-Laser-Induced Subcluster Segregated Nanoalloys, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(42), 2014, 24746 - 24751
  • Tan, CW and Li, LQ and Chen, YB and Nasiri, AM and Zhou, Y, Microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of fiber laser welded-brazed Mg alloy-stainless steel joint, Weld J, 93, 2014
  • Penner, P and Liu, L and Gerlich, A and Zhou, Y and Penner, P and Liu, L and Gerlich, A and Zhou, Y, Dissimilar resistance spot welding of aluminum to magnesium with Zn-coated steel interlayers, Welding Journal, 93(6), 2014
  • Westerbaan, D and Parkes, D and Nayak, SS and Chen, DL and Biro, E and Goodwin, F and Zhou, Y, Effects of concavity on tensile and fatigue properties in fibre laser welding of automotive steels, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 19(1), 2014, 60 - 68
  • Amoli, Behnam Meschi and Marzbanrad, Ehsan and Hu, Anming and Zhou, Y Norman and Zhao, Boxin, Electrical Conductive Adhesives Enhanced with High-Aspect-Ratio Silver Nanobelts, Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, 299(6), 2014, 739 - 747
  • Yu, Jin-Peng and Han, Zeng-Hui and Hu, Xiao-Hong and Zhan, Hui and Zhou, Yun-Hong and Liu, Xing-Jiang, The investigation of LiCo 1-x Sb x O 2 as a promising cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, Electrochimica Acta, 121, 2014, 301 - 306
  • Chang, BH and Zhou, Y and Lum, I and Du, D, Finite element analysis of effect of electrode pitting in resistance spot welding of aluminium alloy, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Biro, E and Nayak, SS and Zhou, Y, Changes in Mechanical Properties of Dual-Phase Steel Due to Post-Welded Microstructure and Loading Geometry, Trends in Welding Research 2012: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference, 2013
  • Panda, SK and Kuntz, ML and Zhou, Y, Finite element analysis of effects of soft zones on formability of laser welded advanced high strength steels, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Peng, Peng and Liu, Lei and Gerlich, Adrian P and Hu, Anming and Zhou, Y Norman, Self-Oriented Nanojoining of Silver Nanowires via Surface Selective Activation, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, 30(5), 2013, 420 - 426
  • Parkes, D and Xu, W and Westerbaan, D and Nayak, SS and Zhou, Y and Goodwin, F and Bhole, S and Chen, DL, Microstructure and fatigue properties of fiber laser welded dissimilar joints between high strength low alloy and dual-phase steels, Materials & Design, 51, 2013, 665 - 675
  • Xu, W and Westerbaan, D and Nayak, SS and Chen, DL and Goodwin, F and Zhou, Y, Tensile and fatigue properties of fiber laser welded high strength low alloy and DP980 dual-phase steel joints, Materials & Design, 43, 2013, 373 - 383
  • Zhou, Y and Gale, WF and North, TH, Modelling of transient liquid phase bonding, International Materials Reviews, 2013
  • Bohlouli-Zanjani, Golnaz and Wen, John Z and Hu, Anming and Persic, John and Ringuette, Sophie and Zhou, Y Norman, Thermo-chemical characterization of a Al nanoparticle and NiO nanowire composite modified by Cu powder, Thermochimica Acta, 572, 2013, 51 - 58
  • Khan, Mohammad Ibraheem and Pequegnat, Andrew and Zhou, Y Norman, Multiple memory shape memory alloys, Advanced Engineering Materials, 15(5), 2013, 386 - 393
  • Marzbanrad, Ehsan and Hu, Anming and Zhao, Boxin and Zhou, Y, Room temperature nanojoining of triangular and hexagonal silver nanodisks, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(32), 2013, 16665 - 16676
  • ZHOU, Y, Microwelding methods in medical components and devices, Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices, 2013
  • Liu, L and Zhou, SQ and Tian, YH and Feng, JC and Jung, JP and Zhou, YN, Effects of surface conditions on resistance spot welding of Mg alloy AZ31, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Khan, MI and Kuntz, ML and Zhou, Y, Effects of weld microstructure on static and impact performance of resistance spot welded joints in advanced high strength steels, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Penner, P and Liu, L and Gerlich, A and Zhou, Y, Feasibility study of resistance spot welding of dissimilar Al/Mg combinations with Ni based interlayers, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 18(7), 2013, 541 - 550
  • Hu, A and Liang, R and Zhang, X and Kurdi, S and Luong, D and Huang, H and Peng, P and Marzbanrad, E and Oakes, KD and Zhou, Y and others, Enhanced photocatalytic degradation of dyes by TiO 2 nanobelts with hierarchical structures, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 256, 2013, 7 - 15
  • Nasiri, AM and Weckman, DC and Zhou, Y, Interfacial microstructure of diode laser brazed AZ31B magnesium to steel sheet using a nickel interlayer, Welding Journal, 92(1), 2013, 1 - 10
  • Hernandez, Baltazar VH and Kuntz, ML and Khan, MI and Zhou, Y, Influence of microstructure and weld size on the mechanical behaviour of dissimilar AHSS resistance spot welds, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Alarifi, HA and Atis, M and Özdoğan, C and Hu, A and Yavuz, M and Zhou, Y, Molecular dynamics simulation of sintering and surface premelting of silver nanoparticles, Materials Transactions, 54(6), 2013, 884 - 889
  • Huang, Hong and Hu, Anming and Peng, Peng and Duley, Walter Winston and Zhou, Yunhong, Femtosecond laser-induced microwelding of silver and copper, Applied optics, 52(6), 2013, 1211 - 1217
  • Daly, Matthew and Pequegnat, Andrew and Zhou, Yunhong N and Khan, Mohammad I, Fabrication of a novel laser-processed NiTi shape memory microgripper with enhanced thermomechanical functionality, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 24(8), 2013, 984 - 990
  • Xu, W and Liu, L and Zhou, Y and Mori, H and Chen, DL, Tensile and fatigue properties of weld-bonded and adhesive-bonded magnesium alloy joints, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 563, 2013, 125 - 132
  • Zhou, Y Norman and Hirose, Akio and Zou, Guisheng and Mayer, Michael and Brochu, Mathieu and Jung, Jae-Pil and Hu, Anming and Sano, Tomokazu, Special Issue on Nanojoining and Microjoining, Materials Transactions, 54(6), 2013
  • Liu, L and Xiao, L and Chen, DL and Feng, JC and Kim, S and Zhou, Y, Microstructure and fatigue properties of Mg-to-steel dissimilar resistance spot welds, Materials & Design, 45, 2013, 336 - 342
  • ZHOU, Y, Micro-welding of shape-memory alloys, Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices, 2013
  • Alarifi, Hani A and Atis, M and Ozdogan, C and Hu, A and Yavuz, M and Zhou, Y, Determination of complete melting and surface premelting points of silver nanoparticles by molecular dynamics simulation, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(23), 2013, 12289 - 12298
  • Liu, Lei and Peng, Peng and Hu, Anming and Zou, Guisheng and Duley, WW and Zhou, Y Norman, Highly localized heat generation by femtosecond laser induced plasmon excitation in Ag nanowires, Applied Physics Letters, 102(7), 2013
  • Rashid, M and Medley, JB and Zhou, Y, Electrode worksheet interface behaviour during resistance spot welding of Al alloy 5182, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Ely, KJ and Zhou, Y, Microresistance spot welding of Kovar, steel, and nickel, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Khan, MI and Kuntz, ML and Su, P and Gerlich, A and North, T and Zhou, Y, Resistance and friction stir spot welding of DP600: a comparative study, Science and Technology of Welding & Joining, 2013
  • Li, J and Nayak, SS and Biro, E and Panda, SK and Goodwin, F and Zhou, Y, Effects of weld line position and geometry on the formability of laser welded high strength low alloy and dual-phase steel blanks, Materials & Design, 52, 2013, 757 - 766
  • PEQUEGNAT, A and ZHOU, Y, Joining of platinum (Pt) alloy wires to stainless steel wires for electronic medical devices, Joining and Assembly of Medical Materials and Devices, 2013
  • Yan, Jianfeng and Zou, Guisheng and Zhang, Yingchuan and Li, Jiaxin and Liu, Lei and Wu, Aiping and Zhou, Y Norman, Metal--metal bonding process using Cu+ Ag mixed nanoparticles, Materials Transactions, 54(6), 2013, 879 - 883
  • Liang, Robert and Hu, Anming and Persic, John and Zhou, Y Norman, Palladium nanoparticles loaded on carbon modified TiO2 nanobelts for enhanced methanol electrooxidation, Nano-Micro Letters, 5(3), 2013, 202 - 212
  • Biro, Elliot and Vignier, Samuel and Kaczynski, Christine and Mcdermid, Jospeh Robert and Lucas, Emmanuel and Embury, John David and Zhou, Y Norman, Predicting transient softening in the sub-critical heat-affected zone of dual-phase and martensitic steel welds, ISIJ international, 53(1), 2013, 110 - 118
  • Liang, Robert and Hu, Anming and Li, Wenjuan and Zhou, Y Norman, Enhanced degradation of persistent pharmaceuticals found in wastewater treatment effluents using TiO2 nanobelt photocatalysts, Journal of nanoparticle research, 15(10), 2013, 1 - 13
  • Wen, John Z and Ringuette, Sophie and Bohlouli-Zanjani, Golnaz and Hu, Anming and Nguyen, Ngoc Ha and Persic, John and Petre, Catalin F and Zhou, Y Norman, Characterization of thermochemical properties of Al nanoparticle and NiO nanowire composites, Nanoscale research letters, 8(1), 2013, 1 - 9
  • Zhang, Hongqiang and Zou, Guisheng and Liu, Lei and Wu, Aiping and Zhou, Y Norman, Low temperature sintering of silver nanoparticle paste for electronic packaging, 2016 International Conference on Electronics Packaging (ICEP), January 2016, 314 - 317
  • Zhou, Y Norman and Breyen, Mark D, Joining and assembly of medical materials and devices,
  • Jeurgens, Lars PH and Janczak-Rusch, Jolanta and Zhou, Y Norman and Hirose, Akio and Baras, Florence and Brochu, Mathieu and Gusak, Andriy and Hu, Anming and Jung, Jae-Pil and Mayer, Michael and others, Special Issue on Nanojoining and Microjoining II PREFACE, January
  • Khan, Mohammad Ibraheem and Zhou, Yunhong Norman, Methods and systems for processing materials, including shape memory materials, January