Pharmacy Practice and Health Services Research
Clinical pharmacy research is concerned with the science and practice of rational medication use and medication management therapies. Pharmacy practice research deals with assessing and evaluating pharmacy practice while addressing the role(s) of the pharmacist, utilizing a systems-based, patient-centered approach. Both areas are concerned with optimal patient outcomes.
Pharmacoepidemiology and Health Outcomes Research
The field of pharmacoepidemiology applies epidemiological methods and clinical pharmacology to investigate the use, effectiveness and safety of medications in human populations. Pharmacoeconomics seeks to identify, measure and compare the costs and consequences of pharmaceutical products and services, often with the goal of optimising the allocation of healthcare resources.