MC 5136B

## Speaker

Yau Shu Wong, Department of Mathematical & Statistical Sciences University of Alberta

## Title

Efficient and Accurate Numerical Solutions for Helmholtz Equation at Large Wave Numbers

## Abstract

The Helmholtz equation arises in many problems related to wave propagations, such as acoustic, electromagnetic wave scattering and models in geophysical applications. Developing efficient and highly accurate numerical schemes to solve the Helmholtz equation at large wave numbers is a very challenging scientific problem and it has attracted a great deal of attention for a long time. The difficulties in solving the Helmholtz equations are due to the construction of accurate numerical schemes for the equation and the boundary conditions, and efficient and robust numerical algorithms to solve the resulting indefinite linear systems. Moreover, it is a challenge to derive a numerical scheme which is capable of eliminating or minimizing the pollution effect. The pollution effect is the foremost difficulty which causes a serious problem as the wave number increases. Let k, h, and n denote the wave number, the grid size and the order of a finite difference approximation, then we could show that the error is bounded by It is clear that even using a fixed h with the error increases with k unless we apply a very fine mesh h such that However, this will lead to an enormous size of ill-conditioned and indefinite system of linear equations. In this talk, we present a new finite difference scheme with an error estimate given by for one-dimensional problems and the schemes are pollution free. Extension and numerical simulations for multi-dimensional problems will also be reported.

(This is a joint work with Kun Wang.)