**Contact Info**

Department of Applied Mathematics

University of Waterloo

Waterloo, Ontario

Canada N2L 3G1

Phone: 519-888-4567, ext. 32700

Fax: 519-746-4319

PDF files require Adobe Acrobat Reader

Friday, August 31, 2018 — 10:00 AM EDT

MC 6460

Hyungjin Kim | Applied Math, University of Waterloo

Mysteries in Cosmology: Dark Energy and the Beginning of the Universe

In this presentation, I will talk about two of many mysteries in cosmology: the beginning of the unvierse, and the dark energy. Currently, the very popular paradigm of the early universe, Inflation, which postulates a phase of an early exponentially expansion of the universe, answers some theoretical puzzles we had such as the horizon problem and successfully fits the observational data. Nevertheless, it does not answer the question of initial conditions or the singularity problem. There has been many attempts to resolve these issues, and one of the popular approaches is the bouncing cosmology. Here, we introduce cuscuton field and show that an action with this field can violate the Null Energy Condition without provoking instabilities such as the ghost or gradient instabilities. Furthermore, we show that we are able to produce the bouncing universe with this field. Theoretically, we can avoid the singularity problem or the transplanckian problem. However, we still have to show that Cuscuton can reproduce the current observational data, such as the scale-invariant power spectrum or small non-gaussianity. Now, for the dark energy, we introduce a model-independent approach to setting constraints to the possible values of equation of state, w. Looking at the supernova data, and the growth history of the universe, we can set constraints to w without assuming any dark energy model. We show that the constraint may not be too strong with the current data. However, knowing that more precise data will come with better telescopes such as DESI, we can forecast how strong the constraints may be in future.

**Contact Info**

Department of Applied Mathematics

University of Waterloo

Waterloo, Ontario

Canada N2L 3G1

Phone: 519-888-4567, ext. 32700

Fax: 519-746-4319

PDF files require Adobe Acrobat Reader

University of Waterloo

University of Waterloo

43.471468

-80.544205

200 University Avenue West

Waterloo,
ON,
Canada
N2L 3G1

The University of Waterloo acknowledges that much of our work takes place on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishinaabeg and Haudenosaunee peoples. Our main campus is situated on the Haldimand Tract, the land granted to the Six Nations that includes six miles on each side of the Grand River. Our active work toward reconciliation takes place across our campuses through research, learning, teaching, and community building, and is centralized within our Office of Indigenous Relations.