Indigenization in our spaces
Part of our commitment to reconciliation includes creating spaces that respect and embrace Indigenous knowledge and culture.
See below for a non-exhaustive collection of teachings and resources.
We welcome you to contact Faculty of Health Indigenous Initiatives to share your thoughts.
Office of Indigenous Relations
The Office of Indigenous Relations is responsible for advancing reconciliation throughout the University, grounded in decolonization. The Office works collaboratively with the Faculty of Health on varioius initiatives and provides resources in the following areas:
Office of Research
School of Public Health Sciences
University of Alberta: Indigenous Canada
Indigenous Canada is a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) from the University of Alberta Faculty of Native Studies. This course explores Indigenous histories and contemporary issues in Canada. This course can be taken for free, or you can pay a fee to receive a certificate upon completion. The course is 12 weeks of study, 2 – 3 hours/week.
University of Toronto: Aboriginal Worldviews and Education
Aboriginal Worldviews and Education is a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto. This course introduces how Indigenous ways of knowing can benefit all students. This course can be taken for free, or you can pay a fee to receive a certificate upon completion. The course offers flexible deadlines, taking approximately 14 hours to complete.
Yellowhead Institute: Land Back Movement
Land Back Movement is an online course from the Yellowhead Insititute at Toronto Metropolitan University. Based upon the Land Back Red Paper published in 2019, this course covers concepts surrounding the denial of Indigenous self-determination and Indigenous-led strategies of consent-based jurisdiction. This course is self-directed and will accept learners in Fall 2022 for their course launch.
Inquiries, commissions and key documents
Truth and Reconciliation
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) was established in 2008 by the Canadian government through the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. The Commission was responsible for collecting the truths of survivors, families, and communities affected by the harms of the residential school system and for sharing what happened to Canadians. Currently, the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR) is mandated to continue the work initiated by the TRC.
The final six-volume TRC report was released in 2015, which includes 94 Calls to Action for reconciliation between Indigenous peoples and Canadians.
Visit CBC: Beyond 94 to learn about the progress of the TRC 94 Calls to Action since March 2018.
Today, I stand before and acknowledge that what took place in residential schools amounts to nothing short of cultural genocide – a systematic and concerted attempt to extinguish the spirit of Aboriginal peoples.
To learn more about the Government of Ontario’s actions, visit the Journey Together: Ontario’s Commitment to Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples.
For immediate emotional assistance for residential school survivors and families, call the national, toll-free 24/7 National Indian Residential School Crisis Line at 1-866-925-4419.
Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA+ people
The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls was established in 2016. The objective was to examine and act upon the disproportionate rates of violence and the high number of missing and murdered Indigenous women, girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA+ (2 spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex, asexual, +) people.
The final report, Reclaiming Power and Place: The Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, was published in 2019 and contained 231 Calls for Justice to end the violence.
Human rights and Indigenous rights abuses committed and condoned by the Canadian state represent genocide against Indigenous women, girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA people. These abuses and violations have resulted in the denial of safety, security, and human dignity.
In response to the Inquiry, the Government of Canada launched the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA+ People National Action Plan in 2021.
To learn more about the Government of Ontario’s actions, visit Pathways to safety: Ontario’s strategy in response to the Final Report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) also conducted a Missing and Murdered Aboriginal Women: A National Operational Overview in 2013 to investigate MMIWG across all Canadian police jurisdictions.
For immediate emotional assistance for those affected by missing and murdered Indigenous women, girls and 2SLGBTQQIA+ people, call the national, toll-free 24/7 support line at 1-844-413-6649.
Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) was established by the Government of Canada in 1991, with the five-volume final report being published in 1996. RCAP was established in response to the Kanesatake Resistance (Oka Crisis), a standoff between Mohawk protesters, police, and army from July 11 to September 26, 1990, over a land dispute.
The objective of the commission was to investigate the historical and current-day relationship between First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples, the Government of Canada, and broader Canadian society. The Commission included 440 recommendations to renew the relationship with Indigenous peoples over a 20-year span.
The Ipperwash Commission of Inquiry was launched in 2003 by the Government of Ontario in response to the 1995 Ipperwash Crisis, a land dispute in and around Ipperwash Provincial Park. Protests and interactions between police and members of Stony Point First Nation culminated in the death of Dudley George, an Ojibwa protester, on September 6, 1995. George was shot and killed by an Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) Officer at Ipperwash Provincial Park.
The objectives of the Commission were to determine the events that led to the death of George and make recommendations to prevent the escalation shown in the Ipperwash Crisis. The final four-volume report was published in 2007 and contained 100 recommendations.
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) is a non-legally binding resolution with 46 articles that outlines “minimum standards for the survival, dignity, well-being of the indigenous peoples of the world.”
UNDRIP was adopted in the United Nations General Assembly in 2007 by 144 Member States. Canada, along with Australia, New Zealand and the U.S., voted against the resolution, with 11 others abstaining. Since the vote, all four Member States have since changed their position to support the Declaration.
In 2016, Canada adopted UNDRIP and removed its objector status. In June 2021, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act became law. The Act outlines how the government and Indigenous peoples can implement the Declaration.
The TRC Calls to Actions and MMIWG Calls for Justice have directed the government to adopt and implement the Declaration.