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College programs

Graduate studies in Psychology

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Communication Sciences and Disorders (also called 'Speech Language Pathology and Audiology' or 'Speech and Hearing Science')

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC): audiologists and speech-language pathologists, speech therapy assistants, speech language assistants, speech therapist aides, etc.

Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (CASLPA):

Training

Unlikely that you will be able to satisfy the prerequisites for admission to all schools in this category. Recommend that you research schools and admission requirement carefully and try to satisfy prequisites for at least 2 or 3 schools because of the competition for admission.

Ontario University Application Centre: Ontario Rehabilitation Services Programs (ORPAS) including applications for Speech-Language Pathology, Audiology, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Physical Therapy. Search that site for application information/instructions, admission requirements, answers to FAQ, etc.

Search Canadian Universities for programs.

Watch for certificate programs at the university level, particularly those advertising that they provide prerequisites (e.g., if the prerequisites are not offered at uWaterloo or you weren't able to take them before graduating) for applying to graduate school in speech-language pathology, communication disorders, hearing science, etc.

Examples of Certificate and Diploma programs at Universities:

Miscellaneous

Clinical certification by CASLPAA

College level programs e.g., see Communicative Disorders Assistant

The one year Master of Applied Science (MASc) program in Developmental Communication Science at the University of Waterloo aims to augment a student's preparation for admission into graduate programs such as developmental psychology, speech-language pathology, or education.

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Conflict Management programs

For those interested in mediation, conflict resolution, etc., see the programs available at Conrad Grebel College at the University of Waterloo.

Education

College level programs; Bachelor of Education; Masters and PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) programs in Education

Education requirements and job duties of teachers

National Occupation Classification (NOC) e.g.,

College level programs

College level programs such as Behavioural Science Technology, Early Childhood Education, Communication Disorders Assistant, Educational Assistant, etc. may be of interest to you. Some of these types of programs give significant advanced standing to those holding a bachelor's level degree.

Bachelor of Education

Ontario Universities Application Centre: Ontario Faculties of Education

Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) - Search Faculties of Education in Canada

Search Canadian Universities

canadian-universities.net (Canada's Higher Education and Career Guide) - search for undergraduate programs in Education by province (e.g,. Bachelor of Education)

Masters or PhD in Education

(Note that some Master of Education Programs offer a Counselling Psychology stream)

Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE) - Search Faculties of Education in Canada

canadian-universities.net (Canada's Higher Education and Career Guide) - search for graduate programs (e.g., Master's and PhD) in Education

Search Canadian Universities

Miscellaneous

Volunteer and/or paid work experience in a helping/mentoring/coaching role(s) over an extended period of time (not just a few months!) is typically a prerequisite for admission to Faculties of Education.

For those interested in learning second or foreign languages, applying for admission to Faculities of Education, or teaching abroad, check out the Applied Language Studies Minor offered by Renison University College.

Centre for Career Action (CECA):

If interested in Counselling Psychology programs offered by graduate programs in Faculties of Education, refer to the graduate studies in Psychology.

Becoming a member of the College of Early Education: Who is required to join, recognized programs for membership, etc.

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Forensic Psychology

Forensic psychologists will often study and analyze research from other professionals, as well as conduct their own research. They might study criminals and their crimes, for instance, to determine what traits certain types of criminals have. - Careers in Psychology 

Master of Arts in Forensic Psychology- Adler School of Professional Psychology, Chicago Illinois

Human Factors and Ergonomics

National Occupation Definition (NOC): "Ergonomists or human factors specialists conduct research and advise on, and intervene in the physical, social and psychological interrelationships between persons, their equipment and working or living environments to ensure that the design, configuration and use of equipment, procedures and environmental conditions maximize safety, productivity and comfort."

Begin your search for graduate programs with departments of Psychology (e.g., Cognitive Psychology), Engineering (e.g., System Design or Management Science), and Kinesiology.

Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

Human Factors and Ergonomic Society (HFES): University of Waterloo Student Chapter

Human Resources Management (HRM)

Education requirements and job duties in the human resources field

National Occupation Classification (NOC) e.g.,

Training

Those interested in a career in human resources will seek employment following graduation with the Bachelor's degree and/or pursue further academic studies, for example:

Post-Diploma or Post-Graduate programs in HRM

College programs

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Law School

Training

Search Ontario Universities for Law Schools - That site includes application information/instructions, admission requirements, details about the Law School Admission Test (LSAT), answers to FAQ, etc.

Search Canadian Universities

Miscellaneous

uWaterloo Pre-Law Society

Centre for Career Action:

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Management

The Telfer School of Management offers a PhD program in Management

Their faculty are accomplished researches in the fields of accounting and control; entrepreneurship; finance; health systems; and organizational behaviour & human resources. This unique program will provide students with opportunities to undertake basic, applied and policy research in management and to acquire the knowledge and professional skills associated with leadership in research.

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Marriage and Family Therapy

You will find more of these programs in the United States rather than Canada.

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC): family, marriage and other related cousellors

Graduate Programs

Directory of Marriage and Family Therapy Training Programs

American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT)

University of Guelph - see graduate studies in Family Relations and Human Development as well as Couple and Family Therapy

University of Winnipeg - Master of Marriage and Family Therapy in the Faculty of Theology

Graduate programs - information provided by the Career Action Centre

You might find a few faculty members in Psychology Departments across Canada who are interested in the study of sexuality

Consult with the academic advisor of the SMF program (Sexuality, Marriage, and Family) at St. Jeromes for leads regarding relevant graduate programs:

Academic plans in SMF (e.g., General and Honours Major, Minor, Diploma) available at the undergraduate level at St. Jeromes.

Descriptions of various programs and careers e.g,. psychology, social work, marriage and family therapy, etc. (American websites)

Check out Masters and PhD programs in Social Work that focus on family mediation, conflict resolution in the family, child abuse and family violence etc.

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Medical school

Training

Search Ontario Universities for Medical Schools
That site includes:

  • application information/instructions,
  • admission requirements (see the right sidebar called 'Program Requirements Chart')
  • details about the Medical College Application Test (MCAT),
  • answers to FAQ,
  • etc.

The Association of Faculty of Medicine in Canada

Miscellaneous

uWaterloo Pre-Med Club

Centre for Career Action

Community experience

Research experience

The Princeton Review:

Sample medical school interview questions

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Music Therapy/Art Therapy/Drama Therapy

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC): Art therapist or music therapist

What do art therapists do, where do they work, etc? (American websites)

What do music therapists do, where do they work, etc? (American websites)

Training

Music Therapy and Art Therapy programs in Canada (e.g., in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec)

Examples of Programs:

British Columbia School of Art Therapy - Post Bachelor's Diploma or Post-Master's Certificate

Master of Arts with a specialization in Art Therapy, Drama Therapy, or Music Therapy – Concordia University

Master of Music Therapy - Laurier University

Master in Counselling Psych: Art Therapy - Adler School of Professional Psychology (Chicago Illinois Campus)

Miscellaneous

The American Art Therapy Association

The Canadian Art Therapy Association

The American Music Therapy Association

The Canadian Music Therapy Association

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Nursing

Education requirements and job duties in the field of nursing

National Occupation Classification (NOC) e.g.,

  • community (or public) health nurse
  • gerontology nurse
  • licensed nursing assistant
  • mental health nurse
  • neuroscience nurse
  • nursing counsellor
  • nurse practitioners
  • nursing researcher
  • occupational health nurse
  • palative care nurse
  • personal support workers
  • psychiatric and mental health nurse
  • registered nurse
  • registered psychiatric nurse
  • telehealth nurse
  • etc.

That website provides descriptions of the duties of nurses, the educational/employment requirements for the field of nursing, etc.

Note that some nurses practice nursing while others are managers (e.g., director for home care services, patient care coordinator) and/or educators within the health field.

Find a nursing program

Search Canadian Universities

Nursing programs in Ontario - note the link on the left sidebar of that website for refining your search e.g,. by the length of the program etc.

Miscellaneous

Why Psychology Majors should consider nursing as a profession

To be a registered nurse or a registered practice nurse in Ontario you must be registered with the College of Nurses of Ontario.

Related career paths:

Public Health programs

Refer to the National Occupation Classication (NOC) regarding careers such as:

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Occupational therapy

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC): occupational therapists

See 'Occupational Therapy - Community Mental Health Careers' (Province of Ontario) for examples of the roles of occupational therapists.

Graduate programs

Ontario University Application Centre: Ontario Rehabilitation Services Programs (ORPAS) including applications for Speech-Language Pathology, Audiology, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Physical Therapy. Search that site for application information/instructions, admission requirements, answers to FAQ, etc.

Search Canadian Universities

Sample occupational/physical therapy program interview questions

Miscellaneous

Community Mental Health Careers - Careers in Occupational Therapy (Prov of Ontario) e.g,. links to the Ontario Society of Occupational Therapists, Canadian Assoc. of Occupational Therapists, College of Occupational Therapists, etc.

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Organizational Psychology

The Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychology graduate program at the University of Waterloo is founded on the principle that effective practice depends on solid research. Our faculty and students work collaboratively to conduct cutting-edge research that contributes to the scientific literature, which in turn can serve as the basis for evidence-based application. Students also gain practical experience during their graduate training through their involvement in various applied projects.  We facilitate outstanding skill development toward whichever career path a student chooses.

Post graduate programs in Organizational psychology
Master of Arts in Forensic Psychology - Adler School of Professional Psychology, Chicago Illinois

Police services/studies

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC) e.g.,

Training to become a police officer and/or advanced training for police officers

Ontario Police College

Ontario Council of Articulation and Transfer - find graduate certificate programs, accelerated diploma programs, and advanced diploma programs at Colleges for university graduates e.g.,

  • Advanced Law Enforcement and Investigations - Durham College
  • Advanced Police Studies - Mohawk College or Conestoga College
  • Advanced Security Management - Mohawk
  • Natural Resources, Law Enforcement - Fleming College
  • Police Foundations - Niagara College or St Lawrence College

Ontario Colleges.ca e.g., Police Foundations, Advanced Police Studies, Law and Security. Note:

  • many of those programs require 2 years of study.
  • watch for the 'accelerated programs' or the 'Post-Diploma/Degree' programs for university graduates.

Police Studies Programs at Universities e.g., Post Baccalaureate Diploma in Police Studies at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia

Masters in Police Psychology (for Police Officers) - Adler School of Professional Psychology (Chicago Illinois campus)

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Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Several years of training beyond a medical degree will be required to become a psychiatrist.

After receiving a medical degree, physicians interested in specializing in the treatment of people (e.g., children, adolescents, adults, geriatric) who suffer from biologically-based mental disorders will pursue psychiatric training.

Psychiatrists are sanctioned to prescribe medications and other physical treatments as part of their therapeutic intervention with patients. 

For further details:

Public Health

What is Public Health?

Definition of public health by the Association of Schools of Public Health

Definition of public health by the Public Health Agency of Canada

Detailed report (2008) on Public Health in Canada
A quote from that website taken from "A Dictionary of Epidemiology" by J. Last (2001):

Public health is defined as the organized efforts of society to keep people healthy and prevent injury, illness and premature death. It is a combination of programs, services and policies that protect and promote the health of all Canadians.

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC) e.g.,

Job postings in Public Health - Association of Schools of Public Health

Training

Association of Schools of Public Health - search for programs

Search Canadian Universities

Don't overlook programs in Health Psychology. Note the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project) lead by uWaterloo Psychology Faculty member Geoff Fong.

Examples of On-Line Programs in Public Health:

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Public relations or public service programs

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC) e.g.,

  • public relations co-ordinator
  • public relations press agent
  • communications manager - public relations

Training

Master of Public Service program at the University of Waterloo - 'a professional graduate program that trains students from ANY undergraduate discipline to work in government."

Search Canadian Universities

Search Ontario Colleges

Miscellaneous

Canadian Public Relations Society "Advancing Public Relations and Communication Management in Canada"
See that website for: a definition of public relations; the mission statement of the society; information regarding professional development, seminars, events, accrediation for members; etc.

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Social work programs

Education requirements and job duties

National Occupation Classification (NOC) : social workers as well as community and social services workers

Training

  • Masters of Social Work (MSW):

    Students whose Major for the Bachelor's level degree is Psychology will be restricted in the number of MSW programs that they can apply to because the majority of MSW programs are looking for (according to their websites) candidates who hold a Bachelor of Social Work degree. Suggest that Psychology Majors who are searching for information on MSW programs in Ontario begin their search with Renison University College*, Laurier University, the University of Toronto. Also, consider applying to the Honours Social Work program at Renison University College during your final year of the Psychology degree. See the next bullet for details.

    *NEW Fall 2012 - "The School of Social Work at Renison University College is pleased to offer Canada’s first health-focused online Master of Social Work program. The MSW Program is being offered in collaboration with the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Waterloo. If you hold a Bachelor of Social Work degree and wish to continue working and remain in your home community while pursuing a post-graduate degree in social work, this program is for you."
     
  • Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) Program at Renison University College

    Renison University College (part of the uWaterloo campus) offers an Honours Social Work program.

    Benefits of completing a BSW program at Renison as well as the application/admission information

    Note the application deadline for entry Fall 2013 is December 14, 2012. Academic Advisors at Renison can also provide you with information about advanced studies and careers in Social Work.
  • Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE)
  • descriptions of various programs and careers e.g., psychology, social work, marriage and family therapy, etc. (American websites)

Miscellaneous

Volunteer and/or paid work experience in a helping/mentoring/coaching role(s) over an extended period of time (not just a few months!) is typically a prerequisite for admission to Social Work programs particularly at the graduate level. Recommend that you seek opportunities in a not-for-profit agencies, a helping profession, or a public service setting.

How do social workers, clinical psychologists, counselling psychologists, and psychiatrists differ in their approaches to helping people with their problems?

Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW)
Note the sidebar on the CASW website for 'FAQ' - information regarding the profession of social work in Canada, how to become a registered social worker in Canada, employment trends, etc.

Ontario Association of Social Workers
Where social workers work and how soical workers are regulated.

Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Services Workers

  • To call or represent oneself as a social worker or a social services worker in Ontario, you must be in good standing with the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Services Workers. Click on 'Membership Information' on that website for further details (e.g., start with 'FAQ' on that pulldown menu).

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Miscellaneous programs

Examples of programs of interest to Psychology Majors at the University level for which details are not yet provided on this website:

  • Business
  • Child Studies
  • Criminology
  • Family Relations
  • Gerontology
  • Industrial Relations (also refer to Human Resources Management)
  • Library Sciences
  • Management Sciences
  • Pastoral Counselling, Theology
  • Science (e.g., a few Honours BSc Psychology students pursued graduate studies in physiology or biology after graduation)
  • etc.

Miscellaneous sources of information

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada 
Define your search for programs e.g., by key word, program, degree level, school, etc.

Canadian Association of Graduate Studies (CAGS)

Centre for Career Action (Tatham Centre Room 1214)

Employment Trends in Federal Public Service (data provided by Statistics Canada)

GradSchoolFinder

The National Occupational Classification (NOC) - job titles/descriptions, educational/employment requirements, etc. Search alphabetically by job title or by keyword.

Occupational information and labour market trends

Ontario Graduate School (OGS) Scholarship Applications - recommend using the Microsoft Word Fillable Templates

Ontario Universities including application information for undergraduate programs as well as professional programs

University of Waterloo: Graduate Program Listing

Universities World Wide

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Online learning and/or distance education study opportunities

Search for online programs at the Bachelor's, Master's, PhD, Certificate, and Diploma levels in various disciplines including programs offered online:

Examples of online programs

Bachelor of Arts in Psychology:

Bachelor in Health and Community Services - University of Victoria - enter this program after 2 years of post-secondary education

Master of Counselling programs:

Master of Education programs:

Other Masters programs:

If applying to professional Psychology programs, watch for 'accredited' programs:


Please report broken links to the Psychology Undergraduate Advisor

Last updated: June 8, 2016