Visible Minority / Racialized Group

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First-year students were asked to self-identify as a member of a visible minority in the Canadian University Survey Consortium (CUSC) First-year survey.

Data Sources

CUSC First-year Survey: Raw data file and reports are received from  Prairie Research Associates Inc. [PRA] (survey agency).

Note: This survey is administered every three years.

Inclusions and Exclusions


  • First-year undergraduate students enrolled in the survey year (sample of 2,000)
  • Degree programs and primary plan only


  • Graduate students & non first-year undergraduate students
  • Students in non-degree & professional programs (Optometry, Social work)
  • Distance education and cross-registered students (e.g. Laurier)

Data Table