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List of references

iGovernment of Canada. (2019). Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CTADS): summary of results for 2017. Available online: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/canadian-tobacco-alcohol-drugs-survey/2017-summary.html.

iiPhysicians for a Smoke-free Canada. (2008, August). Smoking in Canada: Percentage of Canadians who smoke (on either a daily or occasional basis), federal surveys, 1965-2007. Ottawa: Physicians for a Smoke-free Canada.  Available online: http://www.smoke-free.ca/factsheets/pdf/prevalence.pdf.

iiiKirst, M., Mecredy, G., & Chaiton, M. (2013). The prevalence of tobacco use co-morbidities in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health 104(3), e210-e215.

ivSmoking and Health Action Foundation. (2017). Cigarette prices in Canada: A map comparing the average price of a carton of 200 cigarettes in Canada’s provinces and territories, as of April, 2017. Available online: https://nsra-adnf.ca/key-issue/price_map_april-2017/.

vStatistics Canada. Table 17-10-0088-01: Estimates of population (2011 Census and administrative data), by age group and sex for July 1st, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions (2015 boundaries) and peer groups [reference year=2001]. Available online: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/cv.action?pid=1710008801.

viStatistics Canada. (2019). Table: 17-10-0005-01: Population estimates on July 1st, by age and sex. Available online: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1710000501.

viiRoyal Canadian Mounted Police. (2008). 2008 Contraband Tobacco Enforcement Strategy. Ottawa: RCMP. Available online: http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/ce-da/tobacco-tabac-strat-2008-eng.htm.

viiiCanada Revenue Agency. (2012). Federal Excise Stamp Mandatory on Tobacco Products as of July 1, 2012. Available online: http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/E/pub/em/edn32/edn32-e.html.

ixHealth Canada. (2010, July 5). Government of Canada Ban on Flavoured Tobacco Products Now in Full Force [News Release 2010-112]. Available online:  http://www.marketwired.com/press-release/government-of-canada-ban-on-flavoured-tobacco-products-now-in-full-force-1285621.htm.

xGovernment of Canada. (2015, April 14). Tackling Contraband Tobacco Act: Backgrounder. https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2015/04/tackling-contraband-tobacco-act-.html.

xiHealth Canada. (2015). Order Amending the Schedule to the Tobacco Act. Available online: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/consult/tobaccoflavoured-tabacaromatisant-eng.php.

xiiHealth Canada. (2017, April 5). Order Amending the Schedule to the Tobacco Act (Menthol). Canada Gazette, Part II 151(7). Available online: http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2017/2017-04-05/pdf/g2-15107.pdf.

xiiiGovernment of Canada. Tobacco and Vaping Products Act. S.C. 1997, c. 13 (last amended November 19, 2018). Available online: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/PDF/T-11.5.pdf.

xivCanadian Cancer Society. (October 2017). Overview Summary of Federal/Provincial/Territorial Tobacco Control Legislation in Canada. http://convio.cancer.ca/documents/Legislative_Overview-Tobacco_Control-F-P-T-2017-final.pdf

xvHealth Canada. (2011). Health Labels for Cigarettes and Little Cigars. Available online: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/tobac-tabac/legislation/label-etiquette/cigarette-eng.php#cigarettes.

xviHealth Canada. (2002). 2000-2002 Report on Tobacco Control - An Update.

xviiPierce, J.P.,  Choi, W.S.,  Gilpin, E.A.,  Farkas, A.J., & Merritt, R.K. (1996). Validation of susceptibility as a predictor of which adolescents take up smoking in the United States. Health Psychology 15, 355-361.

xviiiKlein, S.M., Giovino, G.A., Barker, D.C., Tworek, C., Cummings, K.M., & O'Connor, R.J. (2008). Use of flavored cigarettes among older adolescent and adult smokers: United States, 2004-2005. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 10, 1209-14.

xixNon-Smokers’ Rights Association / Smoking and Health Action Foundation. (2018, March 31).  Provincial/Territorial E-Cigarette Legislation in Canada. Available online: https://nsra-adnf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/table-prov-laws-31-march-2018-final.pdf.

xxHealth Canada. (2009, March 27). Notice - To all persons interested in importing, advertising or selling electronic smoking products in Canada. Available online: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/prodpharma/applic-demande/pol/notice_avis_e-cig-eng.php.