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Data sources

Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey/Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Survey

The Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CTADS) replaces CTUMS as of 2013. CTADS/CTUMS is conducted by Statistics Canada with the co-operation and support of Health Canada. CTUMS (1999-2012) was developed to provide Health Canada and its partners with timely, reliable, and continual data on tobacco use and related issues. Beginning in 2013, new content covering alcohol and drug use was added to CTUMS to create CTADS. Data are collected from February to December (annually for CTUMS; every 2 years for CTADS), using computer-assisted random-digit-dialed telephone interviews. The samples for CTADS/CTUMS are selected using a stratified random sampling procedure, and include the population of Canada aged 15 years and over, excluding residents of Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, as well as full-time residents of institutions and residents without telephones or with cell phones only.

Youth Smoking Survey/Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey

The Youth Smoking Survey (YSS) was implemented with the co-operation, support and funding of Health Canada, and conducted by a consortium of researchers across Canada and co-ordinated centrally by the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact at the University of Waterloo. The YSS monitored tobacco use in school-aged children (Grades 6-9/10-12), collecting data on smoking behaviour, social and demographic factors, attitudes and beliefs about smoking, cigarette purchasing and other policy-relevant items, as well as experience with alcohol and drugs. Seven waves of the YSS have been conducted: 1994, 2002, 2004-05, 2006-07, 2008-09, 2010-11, and 2012-13. YSS data were collected through classroom-based surveys of students in Grades 6-9 (and Grades 10-12 from 2006-07 onward; Grade 5 was also included in waves prior to and including 2006-07). Schools were randomly sampled within each of the 10 provinces, using a stratified single-stage design. The sample excluded residents of the Yukon, Nunavut and Northwest Territories, residents of institutions, residents of First Nations reserves, and those attending special schools (e.g., schools for visually- or hearing-impaired individuals) or schools located on military bases. Participation in the 2012-13 YSS was declined by the province of Manitoba; based on the comparative analysis conducted using 2010-11 survey data, there were no statistically significant differences in national estimates with and without Manitoba. After 2012-13, the YSS continues as the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CSTADS).