Adult tobacco use

In 2017, among Canadian adults age 15 and older:

15.1% of Canadians (approximately 4.6 million) were current smokers, a significant increase from the 2015 estimate of 13.0% 

The majority of smokers reported smoking daily (10.8% daily/4.3% non-daily prevalence). 

Smoking prevalence was higher among males (16.7%) than females (13.5%). 

Prevalence varied by age group, and was highest among adults aged 45 to 54 (19.9%). Prevalence was lowest among youth aged 15 to 19 (7.9%)—the lowest estimate for this age group since monitoring began. 

There were significant differences between provinces in smoking prevalence, ranging from 11.8% in PEI to 20.1% in Newfoundland & Labrador. 

Daily smokers in Canada smoked an average of 13.7 cigarettes per day

Average consumption among daily smokers has declined by more than 3 cigarettes per day since 1999. 

Male daily smokers consumed nearly 3 more cigarettes per day than females.

Self-rated health varied by smoking status, with never smokers rating their general and mental health better than current smokers. 

Cigars and cigarillos were the most popular tobacco products other than cigarettes: 1.9% of Canadians reported use in the past 30 days. 

Cigar, cigarillo, and chewing tobacco/snuff use was more prevalent among males. 

Use of other smoked tobacco products was most prevalent among young adults. 

Among users of any non-cigarette tobacco product, the majority (62.0%) had used a flavoured product in the past 30 days. 

Approximately one in ten current smokers (9.3%) had smoked a menthol cigarette in the past 30 days. 

Canadians purchased over 27 billion cigarettes, down from over 42 billion in 2001. 

The vast majority of smokers usually obtained their cigarettes from stores, most often small grocery or corner stores. While <3% usually obtained cigarettes on reserve, nearly one in ten smokers had purchased from a First Nations reserve in the last 6 months. 

Nearly two-thirds of respondents (63.6%) reported being exposed to secondhand smoke in the past month, including 13.3% who were exposed daily or almost daily. Exposure was most prevalent among males, young people, and current smokers.