In 2015, among Canadian adults age 15 and older:
13.0% of Canadians (approximately 3.9 million) were current smokers: the lowest prevalence estimate since monitoring began.
- The majority of smokers reported smoking daily (9.4% daily/3.7% non-daily prevalence).
- Prevalence was higher among males (15.6%) than females (10.4%).
- Prevalence was highest among young adults (18.5% among those aged 20-24), and generally declined with age. Prevalence was lowest among youth aged 15-19 and adults age 55+, at 9.7% and 10.6%, respectively.
Canadians purchased over 29 billion cigarettes, down from over 42 billion in 2001.
Daily smokers in Canada smoked an average of 13.8 cigarettes per day.
- Average consumption has declined by more than 3 cigarettes per day since 1999.
- Male daily smokers consumed over 3 more cigarettes per day than females.
Self-rated health varied by smoking status, with non-smokers rating their general and mental health better than smokers.
There were significant differences between provinces in smoking prevalence, ranging from 10.2% in BC to over 18.5% in Newfoundland.
Cigars and cigarillos were the most popular tobacco products other than cigarettes: 2.5% of Canadians reported use in the past 30 days.
- Use of cigars/cigarillos varied by province.
- Use of other tobacco products (cigars, cigarillos, pipe, chewing tobacco/snuff, waterpipe) was more prevalent among males, and among young adults.
Although the vast majority of smokers usually obtained their cigarettes from stores, more than one in ten had purchased from a First Nations reserve in the last 6 months. Few reported having purchased cigarettes that may have been smuggled.
More than half of respondents (57.7%) reported being exposed to secondhand smoke in the past month, including 13.4% who were exposed daily or almost daily. Exposure was most prevalent among males, young people, and current smokers.