Smoking prevalence by province
In 2013, there was significant variation in smoking prevalence by province31 (Figure 2.1). Current smoking rates ranged from a low of 11.4% in British Columbia to a high of nearly 20% in New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Nova Scotia. All provinces except Ontario and British Columbia had smoking rates above the national average of 14.6%.
Between 1999 and 2013, smoking prevalence decreased substantially in all provinces, although not consistently (Table 2.1). There was considerable variation by province in the magnitude of this decline: from more than thirteen percentage points in Quebec to around six in Manitoba. Several provinces appear to have reached a plateau in smoking prevalence in the most recent years. Throughout this time period, British Columbia consistently had the lowest smoking rate of all provinces.
Figure 2.1 data table with 95% confidence intervals
* includes daily and non-daily smokers
Data source: Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 2013.
Cigarette consumption by province
In 2013, while average daily cigarette consumption estimates varied somewhat by province, ranging from 12.9 cigarettes per day (CPD) in British Columbia to 15.6 in Ontario, overall variation by province was not significant32 (Figure 2.2).
Between 1999 and 2013, average daily cigarette consumption appears to have decreased in all provinces, although with a plateau in the most recent years for many provinces (Table 2.2). The magnitude of this decline varied somewhat by province, with the greatest decreases observed in Nova Scotia (from 18.1 to 14.0 CPD), Newfoundland (from 17.2 to 13.1 CPD) and New Brunswick (from 18.3 to 14.3 CPD).
Figure 2.2 data table with 95% confidence intervals
* Among daily smokers
Data source: Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 2013