Smoking prevalence by province
In 2015, there was significant variation in smoking prevalence by province31 (Figure 2.1). Current smoking rates ranged from a low of 10.2% in British Columbia to a high of 18.5% in Newfoundland & Labrador. All provinces except British Columbia, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island had smoking rates above the national average of 13.0%.
Between 1999 and 2015, smoking prevalence decreased substantially in all provinces, although not consistently (Table 2.1). There was considerable variation by province in the magnitude of this decline: from more than 16 percentage points in Quebec to around 9 in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Throughout this time period, British Columbia consistently had the lowest smoking rate of all provinces. In the most recent years, small declines in prevalence estimates were observed in all provinces.
Figure 2.1 data table with 95% confidence intervals
|British Columbia||10.2 [8.4-12.0]|
|New Brunswick||14.2 [11.4-17.0]|
|Nova Scotia||17.8 [14.9-20.6]|
|Prince Edward Island||12.9 [10.9-15.0]|
|Newfoundland & Labrador||
*Includes daily and non-daily smokers
Data source: Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 2015.
Cigarette consumption by province
In 2015, average daily cigarette consumption varied significantly by province32, ranging from 10.9 cigarettes per day (CPD) in Manitoba to 15.5 CPD in New Brunswick, (Figure 2.2).
Between 1999 and 2015, average daily cigarette consumption appears to have decreased in all provinces, although with little to no progress (and even some increases) in the most recent years for many provinces (Table 2.2). The magnitude of this decline varied by province, with the greatest decreases observed in Nova Scotia (from 18.1 in 1999 to 12.9 CPD in 2013), Manitoba (from 15.8 to 10.9 CPD) and Quebec (from 19.1 to 14.3 CPD).
Figure 2.2 data table with 95% confidence intervals
|British Columbia||14.8 [12.6-17.0]|
|New Brunswick||15.5 [13.8-17.1]|
|Nova Scotia||12.9 [11.3-14.6]|
|Prince Edward Island||14.7 [12.0-17.4]|
|Newfoundland & Labrador||14.0 [12.7-15.3]|
*Among daily smokers
Data source: Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, 2015