Nicotine in e-cigarettes

The implementation of the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act allowed the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes in 2018 , prior to which nicotine-containing e-cigarettes were not approved for sale in Canada.xiii In June 2021, new federal regulations established a maximum nicotine concentration of 20mg/ml in e-liquids.xiv

Ever-users of e-cigarettes were asked on how many of the past 30 days they had used an e-liquid with nicotine, an e-liquid without nicotine, and an e-liquid they “did not know what it contained”, respectively. In 2020, most (84.4%a) said they had used an e-liquid with nicotine on at least one day, while just 21.1%b said they had used an e-liquid without nicotine on at least one day, and one in ten (10.1%c) said they had used an e-liquid they “did not know what it contained” on at least one day.

The percentage of past 30-day vapers who reported using an e-liquid with nicotine on at least one day in the past 30 was similar to the 2019 estimate of 84.1%d.135

Prevalence of using a nicotine-containing e-liquid in the past 30 days did not vary significantly by smoking status136 (Figure 11.30); among past 30-day e-cigarette users, most current smokers (82.1%e), former smokers (88.4%), and never smokers (82.8%) had used e-cigarettes containing nicotine in the past 30 days.

Bar chart showing percentage of past 30-day e-cigarette users who used an e-liquid with nicotine on at least one day in the past 30 days, by smoking status, in 2020. Trends described in text. Data table below with 95% confidence intervals.


95% confidence intervals for in-text estimates

a: 84.4 [79.7-89.2]
b: 21.2 [14.6-27.6]
c: 10.1 [3.7-16.4]
d: 84.1 [79.6-88.6]
e: 82.1 [73.0-91.3]