The federal government prohibited menthol additives in cigarettes as of October 2, 2017.xii Prior to federal legislation, seven provinces had already adopted bans on flavoured tobacco including menthol: Nova Scotia (May 31, 2015), Alberta (Sept. 20, 2015), New Brunswick (Jan. 1, 2016), Quebec (Aug. 26, 2016), Ontario (Jan. 1, 2017), PEI (May 1, 2017), and Newfoundland and Labrador (July 1, 2017).xiv

Among Canadians age 15 and older, more than one-third (34.3%)a of all respondents said they had ever smoked a menthol cigarette; however, only 1.4%b of all respondents had smoked one in the past 30 days. This represents no significant change from the 2015 values of 32.9%c and 1.6%d, respectively.43,44

Among all those who had smoked in the past 30 days, 9.3%e had smoked a menthol cigarette in that time; this represents no significant change from the 2015 prevalence estimate of 12.0%f.45

See data table below with 95% confidence intervals.Ever Use by Age

The prevalence of ever smoking a menthol cigarette varied significantly by age group in 2017,46 with lower prevalence among age groups under 25 (Figure 4.8).

Between 2015 and 2017, prevalence of ever smoking menthol cigarettes (among all respondents) decreased for age groups under 25, but increased among those aged 25-34, and there was no significant difference for older age groups.47-51

See data table below with 95% confidence intervals.Past 30-Day Use by Age

Among past 30-day smokers, the prevalence of smoking a menthol cigarette in the past 30 days was not significantly different between age groups52 in 2017 (Figure 4.9).

Between 2015 and 2017, prevalence of past 30-day use of menthol cigarettes among smokers did not change significantly within any age group except those aged 20-24, for whom a significant decrease was observed.53-56

Note that most 2017 CTADS data collection would have been completed prior to the federal ban on menthol in cigarettes, but after some provincial bans had been implemented.

95% confidence intervals for in-text estimates 

a: 34.3 [32.3-36.4]
b: 1.4 [0.9-2.0]
c: 32.9 [31.4-34.3]
d: 1.6 [1.2-2.0]
e: 9.3 [5.9-12.7]
f: 12.0 [9.4-14.6]