See data table below with 95% confidence intervals.Males had significantly higher prevalence of use than females for cigarillos, cigars, and chewing tobacco/snuff33-35 (Figure 4.3). Neither pipe nor waterpipe use differed significantly by sex.36-37

Over time, the use of cigars/cigarillos has changed in parallel for both males and females; sex differences have persisted over time (Figure 4.4).


 See data table below with 95% confidence intervals.