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Tackle serious social questions.

How does society handle inequality, poverty, and crime? How do social groups interact? How can we improve health care, criminal justice, religion, the economy, and our relationships to one another?

This is a program where you’ll wrestle with pressing questions — and develop the tools to create solutions to local and global challenges.

You’ll explore topics such as age, class, ethnicity, religion, gender, criminality, education, work, social change, and politics. And when you study Sociology at Waterloo, you’ll learn from leading experts committed to creating an outstanding classroom experience.

As a sociologist, you’ll find career opportunities in a wide range of fields, including government, the financial sector, health, policy and research, law, academia, policing, and non-profit organizations.

Flexible curriculum

Our flexible curriculum leaves plenty of room to explore your interests through minors or double majors, while co-op opportunities are also available.

Academic and social support

The student-led Sociology Society coordinates movie nights, student and prof mixers, academic help sessions, special lectures, and more.


About the Sociology program

briefcase Available as a co-op and regular program

Graduation cap Earn a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology

icon of the globeInternational exchanges in 25 countries

icon of network of peopleOffered by the Faculty of Arts

icon of open bookAvailable as a major and minor




Students who graduate with a Sociology degree often pursue careers in social research, human behaviour, social policy, human rights, and community development.

  • Court Clerk, Ministry of Attorney General
  • Senior Global Operations Specialist, FedEx Canada
  • Addictions Counsellor, Homewood Health Centre
  • Commercial Property Underwriter, AIG Life Insurance Company of Canada
  • Research Coordinator, Occupational Health & Safety Agency for Healthcare

First-year courses

September to December

SOC 101 - Introduction to Sociology
Arts First requirement 1*
3 additional courses

January to April

Choose 1 or 2 Sociology courses, such as:
 • SOC 222 - Juvenile Delinquency
 • SOC 263 - Organized Crime
 • SOC 270 - International Migration
Arts First requirement 2*
2-3 additional courses

*The Arts First requirement consists of 2 first-year courses that are capped at 25 students: ARTS 130 - Inquiry and Communication and ARTS 140 - Information and Analysis. Instead of listening to a lecture and trying to capture notes, Arts First courses will have you and your classmates working together to respond to a challenge posed by the instructor.

After first year

40% of the classes you’ll take will be Sociology courses. You can then choose electives from many of the 100 subject areas at Waterloo, such as law, psychology, and social sciences.

Sample upper-year courses

SOC 207 – Sociology of Education
SOC 223 – Deviance: Perspectives and Processes
SOC 418 – Social Theory and Popular Culture
SOC 451 – Global Development


Customize your Bachelor of Arts in Sociology degree

You can also add additional areas of interest and expertise by including a minor (or minors) as part of your degree.

Gain relevant work experience through co-op

By alternating school terms and paid co-op work terms throughout your degree, you can explore new career areas and types of employers as your career interests evolve.

Sample co-op job titles

  • Business analyst identity access and privacy
  • Research assistant
  • Technical writer
  • Teaching assistant
  • Human rights, equity and inclusion support and engagement coordinator
  • Activities assistant
  • Community relations coordinator

Sample co-op employers

  • Regional Municipality of Peel
  • eHealth Ontario
  • United Nations Association in Canada
  • Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Peel Regional Police
  • Ontario Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills
  • Scotiabank

Learn more about Sociology