Add areas of interest with minors

Interested in math and music? Biology and geography? Chemistry and Spanish? Many programs at Waterloo allow you to combine your interests and to make your degree uniquely you.

Including a minor (or minors) as part of your degree provides additional knowledge or skills. Most minors and specializations start in second year and become part of your degree, e.g., you can earn a Bachelor of Arts in Honours Anthropology with a minor in Political Science. As long as you meet the requirements, you can choose minors that complement your major – or choose minors that are very different.

What is a minor?

A minor is a group of 8-10 courses in a specific subject or topic which you would complete along with your major as part of the 40 or so courses for your degree.

Programs with a high number of required courses (such as Engineering) usually do not have enough elective courses in order for you to do a minor.

University terminology

What's a major? What's the difference between an option and a specialization? What does undergraduate mean?

Check out our guide to university terminology for the scoop on higher education language.


Arts, humanities, social science minors


Business minors


Culture and language minors


Environment and sustainability minors


Fine and performing arts minors


Math and computer science minors

  • Mathematics (for students not in the Faculty of Mathematics)

Science and health minors


*Some minors may take more than 10 classes to complete because of pre-requisites needed for courses within the minor. This is especially true for non-science students wishing to pursue a science-focused minor. Contact the faculty that offers your program of interest to learn about including a minor as part of your degree.

Certificates and diplomas

Courses you take for your degree can often count toward a certificate or diploma that you can earn in addition to your degree. In some programs, e.g., Engineering, you may need to take additional courses.


Language diplomas

Demonstrate your expertise in languages with one of our diplomas.