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Minors, options, and more

If you're interested in more than one subject at Waterloo, many programs allow you to combine areas of interest.

Interested in math and music? Biology and geography? Chemistry and Spanish? There are many ways to combine interests and to make your Waterloo degree uniquely you.

Most minors and specializations start in second year. If you meet the requirements for an option or minor, it becomes part of your degree. For example, you can earn a Bachelor of Arts in Honours Anthropology with a minor in Political Science. You can view each minor's requirements below.

What is a minor or option?

A minor is a group of 8-10 courses in a specific subject or topic which you would complete as part of the 40 or so courses for your degree. A minor can provide an additional focus to your degree.

Options typically require fewer courses than a minor. Options are available only within your home faculty, e.g., options in the Faculty of Engineering are available only to students in Engineering. 

Minors and options available to all Waterloo students

Arts, humanities, social sciences


Cultures and languages

Environment and sustainability

Fine and performing arts


Math and computer science

  • Mathematics (for students not in the Faculty of Mathematics)

Science and health

*Some minors make take more than 10 classes to complete because of pre-requisites needed for courses within the minor. This is especially true for non-science students wishing to a science-focused minor. Contact the faculty that offers your program of interest to learn about including a minor as part of your degree.


Certificates and diplomas

Courses you take for your degree can often count toward a certificate, diploma, or option. In some programs, e.g., Engineering, you may need to take additional courses.


Language certificates


Learn more