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Mathematical Physics

Study the very big to the very small. This math is universal.

In Mathematical Physics, you’ll combine theoretical physics with high-level math courses in differential equations, vector calculus, and applied mathematics. You’ll also get plenty of chances to apply that learning with hands-on labs in mechanics, electricity and magnetism, computer programming, optics, and more.

You won’t find a better place to study than Waterloo. Our Faculty of Mathematics is the largest in Canada. Meanwhile, the Department of Physics is one of Canada’s largest and most innovative.

Pursue a career in software development, management consulting, or finance. Get involved in higher-level research in nanotechnology, cosmology, or quantum computing. Or develop groundbreaking technologies in renewable energy, medicine, or manufacturing.

Whatever door you choose, Waterloo offers the key to open it.

Learn from top researchers

Catch a lecture at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, just south of campus, or spend a research term at Waterloo’s Institute for Quantum Computing.

Make friends for life

Plan to live in residence? Live in a Science Academic Cluster and meet other first-year Science students. Form a study group or walk to class together with your new classmates.


Female student writing on white board

Study the mathematical and theoretical sides of physics and be well-prepared to embark on a career in research and development or to pursue specialized graduate studies.

About the Mathematical Physics program

Breifcase Available as a co-op and regular program

CapEarn a Bachelor of Mathematics or Bachelor of Science degree

trophyWaterloo ranks top ten in Canada for physics and astronomy

BeakerOffered by the Faculties of Science and Mathematics

ribbonWaterloo ranks 39th in the world for mathematics

Choose your focus

You can earn your Mathematical Physics degree through the Faculty of Mathematics or the Faculty of Science. What's the difference?

  • The degree you earn will be either a Bachelor of Mathematics (BMath) or a Bachelor of Science (BSc).
  • Depending on your interests and whether you'd like to earn a math or science degree, you'll apply to one of two entry programs: Mathematics or Physical Sciences (which have different admission requirements).
  • You'll then choose Mathematical Physics as your major within one of these entry programs.

Admission requirements

Careers in Mathematical Physics

Mathematical Physics graduates commonly pursue careers in industry analysis and modelling, software development and theoretical physics research with nuclear power companies, tech companies, engineering firms, and more. Many graduates also pursue specialized master's and PhD studies.

Recent graduates

  • Senior Researcher, 1QB Information Technologies
  • Technology Development Fellow, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

First-year Mathematical Physics courses

After first year

About half of the classes you’ll take will be Physics courses, with the about other half being Applied Mathematics and Math courses. With your remaining classes, you can choose electives from many of the 100 subject areas at Waterloo.

You can also add additional areas of interest and expertise by including a minor(s).

Sample upper-year courses

AMATH 373 – Quantum Theory 1
AMATH 390 – Mathematics and Music
AMATH 391 – From Fourier to Wavelets
PHYS 359 – Statistical Mechanics


Gain relevant work experience through co-op

By alternating school terms and paid co-op work terms throughout your degree, you can explore new career areas and types of employers as your career interests evolve.

Sample co-op job titles

  • Design engineer-quality assurance
  • Project engineering support
  • Performance engineering co-op student
  • Science & math peer tutor
  • Undergraduate research assistant
  • Application programmer
  • Quality assurance analyst

Sample co-op employers

  • Bruce Power Inc.
  • Ontario Power Generation Inc.
  • Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd.
  • Mind Over Math Inc.
  • 360 Education Labs Inc.
  • CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research
  • Ontario Ministry of Government & Consumer Services

Learn more about Mathematical Physics