Earn a science degree with an economic punch.

Biotechnology promises to become one of this century’s dominant technologies. Become a leader in this industry with a one-of-a-kind degree from Waterloo.

In Biotechnology/Economics, you’ll immerse yourself in the science of biotech with labs and lectures in the Faculty of Science. You’ll complement that with courses in economics, business, and finance.

Once you graduate, put your skills and knowledge to work for pharmaceutical companies, brokerage houses, banks, government agencies, research firms, and more. With your unique blend of expertise (especially the experiences you'll have gained if you enrol in co-op), you’ll have all kinds of options!

Biotechnology/Economics admission requirements

Ontario students: six Grade 12 U and/or M courses including

  • English (ENG4U) (minimum final grade of 70% is required)
  • Advanced Functions (minimum final grade of 70% is required)
  • Calculus and Vectors (minimum final grade of 70% is required)
  • Two of Biology, Chemistry, Earth and Space Science, Mathematics of Data Management, Physics (Recommended courses: Chemistry, Biology)

Admission average: mid-80s

We recommend you complete the Admission Information Form once you've applied.





First-year courses

September to December

January to April

  • BIOL 239 - Genetics
  • BIOL 241 - Introduction to Applied Microbiology
  • CHEM 123/123L - Chemical Reactions, Equilibria and Kinetics/Laboratory
  • ECON 101 - Introduction to Microeconomics
  • ECON 102 - Introduction to Macroeconomics
  • CS 100 - Introduction to Computing through Applications

After first year

Sample upper-year courses

ECON 391 – Equilibrium in Market Economics
ECON 408 – Business Cycles
SCIBUS 223 – Strategies Behind Technological Innovation
BIOL 443 – Fermentation Biotechnology



Starting in second year, you'll alternate four-month school and co-op work terms. You'll graduate with 20 months of paid work experience and be able to explore possible career areas while earning money to help pay for school.

BreifcaseGain 20 months of paid experience with co-op

ClickApply directly to this program on your application

CapEarn a Bachelor of Science degree


Co-op = relevant paid work experience

By alternating school terms and paid co-op work terms throughout your degree, you can explore new career areas and types of employers as your career interests evolve.

Sample co-op job titles

  • Business and marketing associate
  • Junior economic analyst
  • Macroeconomic analyst
  • Business performance coordinator
  • Research ethics board and research assistant
  • Consultant, special projects
  • Assistant regulatory officer

Sample co-op employers

  • BMO/Bank of Montreal
  • Toyota Canada
  • Microsoft Canada
  • Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
  • Health Canada
  • Ontario Ministry Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade

RibbonOnly program of its kind in Canada

BeakerOffered by the Faculty of Science

4Science and Business workshops to develop your skills


What can I do with a degree in Biotechnology/Economics?

Popular career areas include program planning and financial analysis, systems analysis, sales analysis, consulting and research, and medical and pharmaceutical technology.

Recent graduates

  • Analyst, The Loyalty Inc.
  • Distribution Analyst, Suncor Energy
  • Product Specialist, Antibody Healthcare Communications
  • Regulatory Affairs Associate, Alveda Pharma
  • Regulatory Project Officer, Health Canada
  • Senior Analyst, TD Securities Inc.
  • Strategy Analyst, Shoppers Drug Mart Limited

For more information on potential careers, check out our page on careers in business.

Hone your business skills

Hands-on, workshop-style courses will develop your ability to apply business knowledge to industrial and scientific technologies.

Build an awesome résumé

Starting in second year, you'll alternate four-month school and co-op work terms. Over the course of your degree, you’ll acquire 20 months of paid work experience.


Ready to learn more?