David Correa, Dr.-Ing., M.Arch, B.Arch. Sc

David Correa, Dr.-Ing., M.Arch, B.Arch. Sc
Associate Professor
Location: ARC 3017
Phone: 519-888-4567 x27665
Status: Active


David Correa's research looks at biological structures and processes as a source of insight for the development of new fabrication processes and advanced materials. The research aims at implementing state of the art digital fabrication tools (robotic manipulators, 3D printers and CNC milling) to develop innovative and high-performance design solutions for industrial and architectural applications. Current inter-disciplinary research initiatives include weather responsive shape active facade components (in collaboration with BASF and Plant Biomechanics group at Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg), Bio-inspired composite materials (Bionics Group, Université de Bretagne Sud), large scale bio-based cellulose 3D printing (University of British Columbia) and advanced robotic fabrication of timber structures (Centre for Advanced Wood Processing and School of Architecture + Landscape Architecture, UBC). David is a Design Partner at LLLab, an experimental design collaboration based in Shanghai. David completed his Bachelor of Architectural Sciences at Toronto Metropolitan University, his Masters of Architecture at the University of Calgary and his Doctorate of Engineering at the University of Stuttgart. David initiated and led the research field of Bio-inspired 3D Printed Programmable Material Systems at the ICD and he was program coordinator for the Integrated Technologies and Architectural Design Research (ITECH MSc) at the University of Stuttgart (2013-15). David has exhibited his work internationally, winning over 35 architecture and product design awards.

Core teaching areas include Bio-inspired Design, Advanced Manufacturing, Architectural Visualization & Analysis and Programmable Materials for Architecture.

Research Interests

  • Bio-inspired design, Self-assembly and self-forming Materials, 4D printing, Robotic fabrication, Material architectures,


  • ARCH 193 - Design Studio
    • Taught in 2022, 2023, 2024
  • ARCH 292 - Design Studio
    • Taught in 2019
  • ARCH 313 - Advanced Visual & Analysis
    • Taught in 2019
  • ARCH 393 - Option Design Studio
    • Taught in 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023
  • ARCH 484 - Architectural Research
    • Taught in 2020, 2022, 2024
  • ARCH 492 - Design Studio
    • Taught in 2024
  • ARCH 684 - Special Topics in Architecture
    • Taught in 2019, 2021, 2022, 2023
  • ARCH 690 - Design Studio
    • Taught in 2021
  • ARCH 693 - Thesis Research & Design Studio II
    • Taught in 2019

* Only courses taught in the past 5 years are displayed.

Selected/Recent Publications

  • Fruleux, T., Correa, D., Castro, M., Poppinga, S., Wang, K., & Le Duigou, A. (2023). Controlling the Water Diffusion Inside Smart 4D‐Printed HBC by Functional Channels. Advanced Functional Materials, 12, 183. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202310122
  • Bianconi, F., Filippucci, M., Pelliccia, G., & Correa, D. (2023). Harnessing the natural intelligence of wood to improve passive ventilation in buildings. TECHNE - Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment(25), 252–259. https://doi.org/10.36253/techne-13656
  • Vazquez, E., Correa, D., Poppinga, S., (2023): A review of and taxonomy for elastic kinetic building envelopes. In Journal of Building Engineering 21, p. 108227. DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2023.108227.
  • Bianconi, F., Filippucci, M., Pelliccia, G., Rossi, G., Tocci, T., Tribbiani, G., Correa, D. (2023): Nondestructive Analysis On 4D-Printed Hygroscopic Actuators Through Optical Flow-Based Displacement Measurements. In ME 81 (11), pp. 30–38. DOI: 10.32548/2023.me-04311.
  • Fruleux, T., Castro, M., Correa, D., Wang, K., Matsuzaki, R., & Le Duigou, A. (2022). Geometric limitations of 3D printed continuous flax-fiber reinforced biocomposites cellular lattice structures. Composites Part C: Open Access, 100313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomc.2022.100313
  • Clarke-Hicks, J., Ochoa, I., & Correa, D. (2022). Harnessing plastic deformation in porous 3D printed ceramic light screens. Architecture, Structures and Construction, 8, 483. https://doi.org/10.1007/s44150-022-00079-0
  • Bianconi, F.; Filippucci, M.; Pelliccia, G.; Rossi, G.; Tocci, T.; Tribbiani, G.; Correa, D. (2022): Low-Cost Depth-Camera: Open-Source 3d displacement measurements for 4d printed hygroscopic composites. In Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci. XLVIII-2/W1-2022, pp. 23–28. DOI: 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLVIII-2-W1-2022-23-2022.
  • Correa, D., Poppinga, S., Mylo, M.D., Westermeier, A.S., Bruchmann, B., Menges, A., Speck, T., 2020, 4D pine scale: biomimetic four-dimensional-printed autonomous scale and flap structures capable of multi-phase movement. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 20190445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0445[Impact factor: 3.093]
  • Le Duigou, A., Correa, D., Ueda, Matsuzaki, R., and Castro, M., 2020. “A Review of 3D and 4D Printing of Natural Fibre Biocomposites.” Materials & Design, 108911. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2020.108911.[Impact factor: 5.770]
  • Poppinga, S., Correa, D., Bruchmann, B., Menges, A., Speck, T., 2020, Plant Movements as Concept Generators for the Development of Biomimetic Compliant Mechanisms. Integrative and Comparative Biology. https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icaa028.[Impact factor: 2.149 (The publication was featured in the cover of Journal Volume 60, Issue 4)]
  • Wood, D., Correa, D., Krieg, O., Menges, A.,:2016, Material Computation - 4D Timber Construction, Towards Building Scale Hygroscopic Actuated, Self-Constructing Timber Surfaces, in, Briscoe, D., Daas, M., Jabi, W., Luhan, G., Thün, G., Sentience and Systems Boundaries in Architecture, International Journal of Architectural Computing, Multi-Science Publishing, UK, Issue 3, Vol. 13,. (DOI: 10.1177/1478077115625522)
  • Correa, D., Papadopoulou, A., Guberan, C., Jhaveri, N., Reichert, S., Menges, A., and Tibbits, S., : 2015, 3D Printed Wood: Programming Hygroscopic material transformation. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing Journal, Volume 2 No.3, Mary Ann Liebert. pp. 106-116. DOI: 10.1089/3dp.2015.0022
  • Reichert, S., Menges, A., Correa, D.: 2015, Meteorosensitive Architecture: Biomimetic Building Skins Based on Materially Embedded and Hygroscopically Enabled Responsiveness, CAD Journal,(ISSN 0010-4485)
  • Correa, David (2022): 4D printed hygroscopic programmable material architectures. Stuttgart: Institute for Computational Design and Construction, University of Stuttgart (Research reports / Institute for Computational Design and Construction, 9). Available online at https://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/handle/11682/12393Le Duigo, A., Correa, D., 2021, 4D Printing of natural fibre composite in Bodaghi, M., and Zolfagharian, A., (eds) In : Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, Volume 1 : 4D Printing Principles and Fabrication: Elsevier, pp. 297–333. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-824082-3.00028-3
  • Correa, D., Krieg, O., Meyboom, A., 2019, Beyond Form Definition: Material informed digital fabrication in timber construction in Bianconi, F., Filippucci, M., (eds) Digital Wood Design. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, vol 24. Springer, Cham.
  • Chen, E., Lu, G., Barnik, L., Correa, D. 2022, Fast and reversible bistable hygroscopic actuators for architectural applications based on plant movement strategies. In Proceedings of eCAADe 2022 - 40th International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe. www.ecaade.org and KU Leuven Faculty of Architecture (eCAADe), pp. 261–270. Available online at http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/2015%20+dave=2:/Show?ecaade2022_125, checked on 9/13/2022.
  • Clarke-Hicks, James; Ochoa, Isabel; Correa, David (2022): 3D Printed Ceramic Screens: Leveraging Tool Path Design in Functionally Graded Additive Manufacturing. In Philipp Rosendahl, Jonas Muth (Eds.): BE-AM Built Environment Additive Manufacturing 2022. Frankfurt, pp. 68–75. Available online at https://be-am.de/booklet-2022/.
  • Meyboom, A., Correa, D., 2022, Advanced Geometries and Structural Assemblies in Wood: The Path to Future Wood. In Proceedings of ICSA 2022 – International Conference for Structures & Architecture.
  • Meyboom, A., Correa, D., Krieg, D. 2022, Double Curved Stressed Skin Structures for Architecture. In Proceedings of ICSA 2022 – International Conference for Structures & Architecture.
  • Wu, Y.*, Kenny, A., Kim, I.*, Correa, D. 2022, Embedding Ornament: Custom Nozzle Design in 3D Clay Printing. In Proceedings of ICSA 2022 – International Conference for Structures & Architecture.
  • Kay, R., Nitiema, K., Correa, D., 2020. The Bio-inspired Design of a Self-propelling Robot Driven by Changes in Humidity. In L. Werner, D. Koering (Eds.): Anthropologic: Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age - Proceedings of the 38th eCAADe Conference, vol. 2. Berlin, Germany (Virtual Conference): TU Berlin (2), pp. 233–242. Available online at http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/paper/ecaade2020_195.
  • Augustin, N., Correa, D., 2019, Developing Climate-responsive Envelopes with the Hygroscopic Motion of Wood Veneer in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Architectural Design (ICETAD 2019). Toronto, Canada. 17-18 October 2019.
  • Falamarzi, Z.*, Correa, D., 2019, Robotic assembly of a structurally informed wall system using standard and non-standard components in Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Architectural Design (ICETAD 2019). Toronto, Canada. 17-18 October 2019.
  • Meyboom, A., Correa, D., Krieg, O., 2019 Stressed Skin Wood Surface Structures: Potential Applications in Architecture in Odom, C., Briscoe, D., Bieg, K. (eds.) Ubiquity and Autonomy [Proceedings of the ACADIA Conference 2019]. The University of Texas, Austin, pp. 490-499. (ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7)
  • Shi, J.*, Cho, Y.*, Taylor, M.*, Correa, D., Guiding Instability: A craft-based approach for modular 3D clay printed masonry screen units in Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 1, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 477-484
  • Dierichs, K., Wood, D., Correa, D., Menges, A., 2017, Smart Granular Materials: Prototypes for Hygroscopically Actuated Shape-Changing Particles in Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1. Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017, pp. 222-231
  • Campbell, S., Correa, D., Wood, D., Menges, A.: 2017, Modular Mycellia: Scaling Fungal Growth for Architectural Assembly in proceedings of the 5th eCAADe Regional International Symposium, The Virtual and the Physical Between the representation of space and the making of space. Cardiff, Whales, UK. pp 125-134
  • Correa, D., Menges, A.: 2017, Fused Filament Fabrication for Multi-Kinematic-State Climate Responsive Aperture in Menges, A., Sheil, B., Glynn, R., and Skavara, M.,(eds), Proceedings of the 2017 FABRICATE Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, April 6-8. pp 190-195. (ISBN 978-1-78735-001-4)
  • Correa, D., Menges, A.: 2015, 3D Printed Hygroscopic Programmable Material Systems, in Sabin, J., Gutierrez, P., Santangelo, C., Materials Research Society Proceedings Vol 1800, Cambridge University Press, mrss15-2134303. DOI:10.1557/opl.2015.644
  • Krieg, O., Zachari, C., Correa, D., Menges, A., Reichert, S., Rinderspacher, K.(2014). ‘HygroSkin – Meteorosensitive Pavillion', in Gramazio, F., Kohler, M., and Landenberg, S., (eds), Proceedings of the 2014 FABRICATE Conference, Zurich, February 14-15. pp 272-279 (ISBN 978-3-85676-331-2)

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