Mathematical Optimization

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What is Mathematical Optimization?

Use analytic tools to model and solve complex problems in business and government. You’ll put sophisticated mathematical and computing techniques to the test to identify optimal solutions. With a strong background in math and computer science, combined with courses in business, economics, and management science, you’ll have the skills that will put you in high demand.

Focus your studies with a specialization in Operations Research or Business

Meet Kevin

Kevin came to the University of Waterloo because of its vast opportunity for interesting courses and coop/exchange opportunities. He was intrigued by the practical applications to the real world that Optimization had to offer. It’s also important to know that you shouldn’t be afraid to try something new! You must enjoy what you are learning and what you are doing, try not to worry about the process that it takes to get to that point.


“Waterloo has the best profs and researchers, and great history in the study of this field. There’s a lot of different and interesting courses offered, and the program is super flexible. Optimization also has a lot of practical applications in the real world, and I could see it in work much more clearly than other fields of math.”

Your first year

All first-year students take a common selection of math courses called core courses. Normally in the fall term, students take:

*Note: For suggested electives and more information please visit our course selection page.

Potential co-op and career opportunities

Potential co-op opportunities
Sample titles Sample employers
  • Analyst, structured arbitrage group
  • Research assistant
  • Business analyst
  • Toronto-Dominion (TD) Bank Financial Group, Toronto
  • University of Waterloo, Waterloo
  • Direct Energy, Toronto
Potential career opportunities
  • App Software Developer, Bank of Montreal
  • Business Analyst, ThoughtWorks Canada
  • Business Technology Analyst, Deloitte & Touche LLP
  • Health Information Analyst, Ministry of Health Services, British Columbia
  • IT Architect, Scotiabank
  • Institutional Analyst, University of Waterloo
  • Manager, Business Operations, Fortune Metals Inc.